Project START uses a personal digital assistant-based screening instrument and tailored print materials and tests their effectiveness in reducing alcohol use and alcohol-related problems among injured hazardous drinkers treated in the Emergency Department.
Aim 1. Assess outcomes in alcohol use, health status, and psychosocial factors for subjects participating in an Emergency Department tailored message study.
Aim 2. Determine if tailored messages are significantly more effective than generic messages in changing alcohol use, health status, and psychosocial factors among injured ED patients.
Aim 3. Determine if brief advice, in conjunction with tailored messages is more effective in changing alcohol use, health status, and psychosocial factors among injured ED patients than are tailored messages alone.
575 injured adult patients presenting to a university hospital ED between August 1999 and February 2002.