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91 results found.

Seminars

  • 1.

    SES, Context and Smoking Cessation (04/07/2014)

    Speaker(s): David W. Wetter, PhD, MS

    Smoking is not only the leading preventable cause of death and disability in the U.S., but is a major cause of health disparities. The most profound health disparities are concentrated among individuals in the lowest socioeconomic strata of society. Poverty, low education, unemployment, uninsurance, and other factors related to socioeconomic status (SES) are strongly associated with lower rates of smoking cessation, and several major conceptual models have been proposed that delineate hypothesized pathways linking SES to health behaviors. Nevertheless, there are exceedingly few studies prospectively investigating the pathways linking SES to smoking cessation, and as noted in the Surgeon General’s Report on Tobacco Use Among U.S. Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups, “underlying the challenge to eliminate health disparities is the inadequate empirical understanding of the proximal and distal determinants of tobacco use, nicotine addiction, and related consequences among understudied and historically underserved populations.” Our research has included a focus on documenting several of the pathways linking SES and related social determinants with cessation. The presentation will highlight:  • Models delineating pathways linking SES to smoking cessation.  • Influence of “macro” (i.e., neighborhood) and “micro” contextual factors (i.e., dynamic, momentary) on cessation.

  • 2.

    Self-Determination Theory in Practice (05/13/2013)

    Speaker(s): Geoffrey C. Williams, MD, PhD

    Self-Determination Theory (SDT) is a general theory of human motivation. Dr. Williams and colleagues have used SDT to understand the psychological mechanisms by which humans are motivated to learn, overcome challenges, change and maintain behaviors. SDT proposes that humans have needs for autonomy, competence and relatedness.  When these needs are met people become more motivated to be healthy.  Personal autonomy is a highly relevant variable in clinical settings as biomedical ethics and medical professionalism standards now mandate its respect and support. Results of a recent meta-analysis showed that constructs assessing patient perceptions of autonomy support, psychological needs satisfaction, competence, and autonomous motivation were positively and significantly correlated with beneficial health outcomes, as predicted. Dr. Williams will discuss implications of these findings for clinicians and researchers.

  • 3.

    Agile, Scrum, Lean Brownbag (05/06/2013)

    Speaker(s): Mark Salamango

    Mark Salamango and his team will be presenting a brown bag session on using Agile, Scrum and Lean software development methodologies.

  • 4.

    A Communication Intervention to Promote Physical Activity in Underserved Communities (09/20/2012)

    Speaker(s): Jennifer Carroll, MD, MPH

    This talk will describe a clinician training intervention to increase communication about physical activity using the 5As. The 5As (Ask, Advise, Agree, Assist, Arrange) are a clinical tool recommended for health behavior counseling in primary care. This intervention looks at the effects of health care provider training on outcomes for 326 underserved adults.

  • 5.

    The RealU: Initial Results from an Online Avatar-Based Cessation Intervention for Young Adult Smokers (07/19/2012)

    Speaker(s): Lawrence C. An, MD

    This talk will present initial results for the RealU2 intervention, which provided individually tailored cessation messages and peer support via the Internet to young adult smokers. We find the rates of 30-day abstinence to be significantly higher with the addition of tailored web content and peer coaching, indicating that tailored, online interventions have the potential to reach high numbers of young adult smokers, and could be an important resource to support early cessation in this population.

  • 6.

    Transparency in Action: ClinicalTrials.gov, Its Benefits and Burdens; What Investigators Need to Know (06/21/2012)

    Speaker(s): Diane Lehman Wilson, MPP, JD, MA

    As the information age continues, the cries for governmental and health care transparency grow ever louder.  One way in which this has manifested itself is the creation and expansion of ClinicalTrials.gov and other trial registries.  From 2005 to 2012 the motivators for registering clinical trials have grown from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors™ statement requiring all clinical trials, broadly understood, to be in an open public registry before patient enrollment, to most recently the regulation which requires applicable clinical trials¯ to use several mandated sentences in their informed consents which alert the study participant to the registration and possible results reporting in ClinicalTrials.gov and a new NIH encouragement to post results of all NIH funded studies in Clinicaltrials.gov.  This presentation will explain the recent transformations in ClinicalTrials.gov, how to determine whether your trial is affected by these rules, and some pointers about actual registration and results reporting.

  • 7.

    Information Needs and Quality of Life in Adult Cancer Survivors (05/17/2012)

    Speaker(s): Patricia M. Clark, PhD(c), MSN, RN

    The MCancer Survey asked cancer patients and their families about how they accessed information about cancer and cancer treatments. Respondents answered questions about the use of social media, experiences with online information, information and social support needs, and quality of life. This talk will explore the connection between information needs and quality of life as well as implications for using pro-active, tailored communication in cancer survivorship care to improve quality of life between visits.

  • 8.

    Design & Evaluation of Mobile Technology for Health Behavior Change (02/21/2012)

    Speaker(s): Gregory J. Norman, PhD

    This talk will describe two ongoing randomized trials that use mobile technologies. The SMART (Social/Mobile Approach to Reduce WeighT) uses Facebook and mobile apps to target young adult weight loss in a two year intervention. The ConTxt study uses SMS text messages to target weight loss in overweight-obese men and women.

  • 9.

    Promoting Exercise for Weight Loss to Overweight and Obese Men and Women - Does it work? (01/19/2012)

    Speaker(s): Michelle Segar, PhD, MPH

    The reasons for exercising that are featured in health communications brand exercise and influence whether individuals stay motivated to fit it into their busy lives. Discovering which reasons for exercising are associated with high-quality motivation and behavioral regulation is essential to promote participation that can be sustained over time. In addition, gender and BMI might be important to take into account when promoting exercise. This talk will describe a randomized framing study that investigated the effects from reading three different exercise advertisements on self-determination theory variables and body image among men and women who were overweight and obese. (The three reasons for exercising that were promoted were to improve: health, weight loss, and daily well-being.)

  • 10.

    Development and Experience with Virtual Human Patients in Health Communications Research (12/15/2011)

    Speaker(s): Michael D. Fetters, MD, MPH, MA, Frederick W. Kron, MD

    Caring, patient-centered communication improves health care quality, and stands as a pillar of ethical practice for every healthcare provider. In this seminar, the presenters will discuss their research into a prototype teaching system wherein medical residents were challenged to tell a virtual human patient her new diagnosis of leukemia, and then they were assessed on their competency in communicating this bad news by the system. The seminar will conclude with a look at how virtual humans can be used to enhance current methods for evaluating, teaching and certifying competency in provider-patient and peer-to-peer communication.

  • 11.

    Engaging Patients and Primary Care Providers in Prostate Cancer Survivorship Care (11/17/2011)

    Speaker(s): Ted A. Skolarus, MD, MPH

    This presentation describes the development of a series of patient activation interventions designed to engage patients and their primary care providers in prostate cancer survivorship care. We will review our efforts to tailor self-management strategies and primary care provider recommendations to support survivors as they manage the side effects of prostate cancer treatment. In particular, we will highlight interactive voice response (IVR) technology as an innovative means to assess prostate cancer-related quality of life and discuss preliminary intervention results.

  • 12.

    Communication Neuroscience: using neuroimaging to predict media effects and health behavior change (10/20/2011)

    Speaker(s): Emily B. Falk, PhD

    Persuasive messages are ubiquitous; loved ones, colleagues, physicians and the media all influence our behavior through the use of persuasive messages. The ability to predict behavior change in response to such messages is crucial given the range and importance of outcomes influenced. Self-report measures (e.g. intentions, self-efficacy) provide insight, however, these measures still leave substantial variance unexplained. Here, we present examples of a novel "brain-as-predictor" approach, complementing self-report measures. We will present results from three studies in which neural activity in an a priori region of interest in medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC, BA10) during exposure to persuasive messages predicted behavior change above and beyond self-report measures. In the first study, we explored a behavior of relatively low motivational relevance (sunscreen use) and predicted individual behavior change over one week (Falk et al., Journal of Neuroscience). In a follow-up study, we predicted a behavior of high motivational relevance (smokers trying to quit) over a longer period of time (one month); in this context, neural signals more than doubled the variance explained by traditional self-report measures alone (Falk et al., Health Psychology). Finally, we will present results of an investigation in which neural activity in response to different mass media campaigns predicted the campaigns' relative success at changing behavior at the population level. By contrast, the same participants' self-reported projections of campaign efficacy did not accurately predict the relative success of the campaigns at the population level. Taken together, our results provide support for a novel "brain-as-predictor" analysis approach. Our results also suggest that the brain contains hidden wisdom about the impact of persuasive messages at the individual and population level that is not otherwise accounted for in our models of persuasion and behavior change.

  • 13.

    Health Information Behavior in Families: Supportive or Irritating? (08/18/2011)

    Speaker(s): Tiffany C.E. Veinot, MLS, PhD

    This talk will report preliminary results of a mixed methods study of relationships between family-based information behavior and social support in chronic illness. Twenty-four participants (12 people with HIV/AIDS (PHAs) and 12 people with diabetes) completed surveys, visualized their family-based social support networks, and participated in in-depth, qualitative interviews. Findings revealed that our sample of people with diabetes had significantly larger family support networks than did PHAs. These differences seem linked to greater interpersonal constraints in talking about HIV/AIDS in families. Yet, the two groups did not differ in terms of perceived social support (PSS), frequency of collaborative information behavior (CIB), or use of information obtained collaboratively. However, a surprising relationship between CIB and PSS emerged among diabetics but not PHAs: the greater the frequency of CIB with family members, the less supportive they were perceived to be. This seems rooted in the prevalence of attempted influence and interference by diabeticsā€™ family members. Nevertheless, among both PHAs and diabetics, a significant overlap existed between receipt of informational and emotional support. Indeed, information sharing and emotional support could be the same in interactions such as questions of concern, goal attainment, and caring forwards. This study is among the first to document differences in social support and CIB among people with different diseases, pointing to the merit of information services and systems differentiated by disease. The overlap between informational and emotional support suggests the value of organizing, presenting, or rating health information according to emotional valence. Demonstrating that CIB may have negative effects challenges information scientists to reconsider whether receipt of information is always positive. Health information behavior in families therefore appears more complex than has been previously shown.

  • 14.

    Development of a Web-Based Intervention to Promote Hearing Protector Use (04/21/2011)

    Speaker(s): Marjorie C. McCullagh, PhD, RN, PHCNS-BC, COHN-S

    This presentation will describe the development of a highly interactive, targeted, Web-based intervention to promote hearing protector use among a unique and highly specialized group, farm operators.

  • 15.

    Center for Health Communications Research Counseling Team (03/17/2011)

    Speaker(s): Shannon E. Considine, MPH, MSW, Caroline L. Reinhart, MA, Leslie E. Aris, MS, Anna K. Hale, LLMSW

    This talk will describe the newly formed CHCR Counseling and Health Coaching Team. Research has shown that having a counselor can be extremely beneficial during the behavior change process. CHCR prides itself in creating stand-alone interventions that help inspire informed health decisions. However, there are some behaviors that can benefit from having more individualized help during the change process. Bringing counseling into the Behavioral Science team is our next step in creating the most well-integrated, person-focused approach to health behavior communications.

  • 16.

    iSTART: Tailored Intervention to Increase Medication Adherence in Adolescent Liver Transplant Recipients (12/16/2010)

    Speaker(s): Emily MacDonald Fredericks, PhD

    This talk will describe the development of the iSTART intervention to promote medication adherence in adolescent liver transplant recipients. This intervention will involve tailored educational, motivational and behavioral strategies delivered through text messages and web-based modules. Tailoring variables include perceived adherence, allocation of responsibility for health management tasks, barriers to medication adherence, values, sources of motivation and regimen knowledge.

  • 17.

    MPOWERed Messages Version 2: Novel Individually Tailored Mobile Messages to Enhance Weight Loss for Teens (11/18/2010)

    Speaker(s): Susan J. Woolford, MD, MPH

    This talk will describe the new MPOWERed Messages intervention, which uses tailored text messages to enhance adherence to treatment recommendations among Adolescents enrolled in the Michigan Pediatric Outpatient Weight Evaluation and Reduction (MPOWER) Program.

  • 18.

    Vax Facts HPV: An intervention to improve adolescent human papillomavirus vaccination (10/21/2010)

    Speaker(s): Amanda F. Dempsey, MD, PhD, MPH

    This talk will describe the "Vax Facts HPV" project which is a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of providing written tailored educational materials to mothers hesitant to have their daughters vaccinated against HPV on maternal attitudes and adolescent vaccine uptake. Development of the intervention, pilot testing and preliminary results will be discussed.

  • 19.

    Developing a Web-Based Portal to Improve Chemotherapy Dose Selection (09/16/2010)

    Speaker(s): Tunghi May Pini, MD, MPH

    This talk will describe the development of a web-based system to survey medical oncologists and hematologists regarding their chemotherapy dose selection practices, and provide a tailored educational feedback intervention for the goal of improving the quality of chemotherapy dose selection.

  • 20.

    The QuitCoach Study: Email counseling for smoking cessation (08/19/2010)

    Speaker(s): Lawrence C. An, MD

    The QuitCoach project is a two-group randomized controlled trial to examine the feasibility of adding email peer counseling to a web-based stop smoking program. Outcomes include 7-day abstinence, number of emails sent, and perceived coach support. The findings suggest that email support may be an important strategy when delivering internet-assisted cessation programs.

  • 21.

    Health Informatics: Bridging Clinical Applications with Consumer-Centered Applications (07/15/2010)

    Speaker(s): Kai Zheng, PhD

    Consumer-centered applications are transforming the landscape of health informatics practice and research, which have been traditionally focused on clinical applications supporting patient care and medical and health services research. In this lecture, I will present a brief overview of the health informatics discipline and emerging trends of novel applications that put consumers in the central spotlight. In particular, I will use two case studies to illustrate this new consumer-centered focus in health informatics: (a) a pilot peer-mentoring online community supporting exchange of information and social and emotional support among young adults with kidney failure; and (b) a study of online reputation systems that allow consumers to review and rate the performance of their providers, which provide an information resource complementing public releasing of hospital performance data ("report cards") and can be a potential driver of new healthcare financing and delivery models such as consumer-driven healthcare.

  • 22.

    Chaos Theory and Epiphany in Health Behavior Change (06/17/2010)

    Speaker(s): Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    The understanding and modification of diet and exercise behavior has been guided by a cognitive, rationale paradigm. Within this paradigm, change is conceptualized as a linear, deterministic process. However, the conceptual and statistical assumptions underlying this cognitive, linear paradigm may be seriously flawed, and might limit our ability to explain and change health behavior. In particular, such a perspective fails to account for non-linear, chaotic and quantum influences on human thought and action. We propose that health behavior change, including diet and activity, is better understood through the lens of Chaos Theory and Complex Dynamic Systems. Key principles from these perspectives are: Behavior change is often a quantum rather than linear event; Behavior change is a chaotic process that is highly variable and difficult to predict; Behavior change is a complex dynamic system that involves multiple component parts that interact in a nonlinear fashion and the results of their interaction are often greater than the sum of their parts; andBehavior change is sensitive to initial conditions. This presentation will address how these principles can be incorporated into the development and evaluation of diet and activity programs. Implications for future research will also be presented.

  • 23.

    User-Centered Design for Tailored Intervention (04/15/2010)

    Speaker(s): Michael J. McQuaid, PhD

    This talk will introduce user-centered design and iterative design for the general population and contrast generic principles with the unique health-centered needs of web-based tailored interventions. We begin with an overview of popular methods and processes, then describe the relatively new ideas of emotional design, finishing with some recent examples relevant to integrating interventions into the lives of patients.

  • 24.

    Cost-Effective Usability Evaluation (03/15/2010)

    Speaker(s): Mark W. Newman, PhD

    This talk will present an overview of common techniques for evaluating user interfaces, including usability testing and "discount" usability methods such as heuristic evaluation. It will also discuss best practices for incorporating evaluation methods into the design process, so that user experience issues can be resolved before they become too difficult or expensive to root out.

  • 25.

    The Challenges of Translating an Efficacious Family-based Program for Cancer Patients and Their Caregivers to a Web-based Format (12/17/2009)

    Speaker(s): Laurel L. Northouse, PhD, RN, FAAN

    There are over 10 million cancer survivors whose needs for supportive-educative care are not being met. To address their needs, programs of care are needed that can reach more people at a lower cost. This presentation will describe the process and challenges associated with trying to translate a face-to-face, family-based program of care for cancer survivors and their family caregivers to a tailored, web-based program format.

  • 26.

    MPOWERed Messages Version 2: Novel Individually Tailored Mobile Messages to Enhance Weight Loss for Teens (11/19/2009)

    Speaker(s): Susan J. Woolford, MD, MPH

    This talk will describe the new MPOWERed Messages intervention, which uses tailored text messages to enhance adherence to treatment recommendations among Adolescents enrolled in the Michigan Pediatric Outpatient Weight Evaluation and Reduction (MPOWER) Program.

  • 27.

    Preference-Sensitive Decision Making in Cancer Care (10/15/2009)

    Speaker(s): Sarah T. Hawley, PhD, MPH

    This talk will provide an overview of preference-sensitive decisions related to cancer screening and treatment. The link between preference-sensitive decisions and informed/shared decision making will be described. Finally, challenges to incorporating patients' preferences into medical decision making will be discussed, and examples of interventions will be provided.

  • 28.

    Implicit Decision-Making in the Treatment of Invisible Disease (09/17/2009)

    Speaker(s): Jennifer J. Griggs, MD, MPH

    People with early-stage breast cancer are given chemotherapy to reduce the risk of subsequent recurrence and death. Full doses are required for full benefit, yet many patients receive reduced doses of chemotherapy. Implicit decision-making on the part of physicians may account for dose reductions in many cases. This talk will describe the systematic under dosing of chemotherapy in black women, poor women, and obese women and present possible explanations for dose reductions as well as the implications of dose reductions in populations.

  • 29.

    Resisters, Relapsers, and Rebels - Puff City II: Strategies and Preliminary Results (08/20/2009)

    Speaker(s): Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    The latest national figures continue to show African American and Hispanic teenagers 15-9 as having higher death rates than Caucasian and younger children. Urban teenagers represent an age group that has been difficult to reach, in terms of both connecting and convincing. Consequently, there are few asthma management programs targeting urban, high school students with asthma. We have developed a unique, multimedia, web-based program to motivate teens to change negative behaviors related to asthma management. Puff City software uses "tailoring" in conjunction with theoretical models of behavior change, to personalize health messages according to the beliefs, attitudes, and barriers of students with asthma. From 2001-2006, a randomized trial of Puff City was conducted in 6 Detroit high schools and demonstrated reduced asthma-related morbidity in treatment students compared to controls. As with any research trial, not all students improved, some relapsed, and a substantial number did not participate. To maximize effectiveness of the program, we developed a booster session delivered 6 months post-baseline as well as a strategy to increase the likelihood of change through more intense tailoring delivered to students identified as "resistant" at baseline. Partners in this program include Detroit Public Schools, Henry Ford Health System and University of Michigan Center for Health Communications Research. Dr. Joseph will discuss the development of this new version and will share preliminary results.

  • 30.

    Impact of Adding an Online Community to an Internet Mediated Walking Program (07/16/2009)

    Speaker(s): Caroline R. Richardson, MD

    Stepping Up to Health is an automated internet mediated walking program for people with chronic diseases including type 2 diabetes, coronary artery disease, and obesity. Each participant in the program wears an enhanced pedometer with a built in clock, memory, and a USB port to allow uploading of detailed time-stamped step-count data during the 16 week intervention period. Participants upload their step-count data to the study server from their home computer at least once a week and they have access to a personalized program web page that includes tailored motivational messages, graphs and feedback about walking progress, and automated individualized step-count goals. In this 2 arm RCT, participants all used the Stepping Up to Health intervention, but those in the intervention arm had access to online community features that allowed them to interact with other participants by reading and posting messages in online forums. We compared step-count and retention results between those who had access to the online community features and those who did not.

  • 31.

    Estimating the Complier-Average Causal Effect for Treatment in the Presence of Noncompliance (06/18/2009)

    Speaker(s): Roderick J. A. Little, PhD

    We consider the analysis of trials that involve randomization to an active treatment (T = 1) or a control treatment (T = 0), when the active treatment is subject to all-or-nothing compliance. We compare three approaches to estimating treatment efficacy in this situation: as-treated analysis, per-protocol analysis, and instrumental variable (IV) estimation, where the treatment effect is estimated using the randomization indicator as an instrumental variable. The assumptions underlying these estimators are assessed, standard errors and mean squared errors of the estimates are compared, and design implications of the three methods are examined. Extensions of the methods to include observed covariates are then discussed, emphasizing the role of compliance propensity methods and the contrasting role of covariates in these extensions. The goal is to present important concepts of causal inference in a relatively nontechnical way.

  • 32.

    Testing Methods for Improving Emotional Salience of Risk Information: Results from a Decision Aid about Tamoxifen and Raloxifene (05/28/2009)

    Speaker(s): Angela Fagerlin, PhD

    We have previously shown that when patients learn about the risks and benefits of tamoxifen, women at high risk of breast cancer are overwhelmingly not interested. In this study, we tested 5 additional factors for communicating the risks/benefits of tamoxifen (and now a second prevention drug, raloxifene). These factors also included manipulations that could affect the emotional salience of the risk/benefit message. In this talk, I will describe the factors studied and their impact on knowledge, risk perception, behavioral intentions, and actual behavior.

  • 33.

    Health Risk Communications: Thinking Beyond the Numbers (04/16/2009)

    Speaker(s): Brian Zikmund-Fisher, PhD

    This talk will pose three key questions of interest to anyone involved in the process of communicating health risks: (a) Which types of people have the most difficulty understanding health risk communications? (b) How can we improve comprehension of health risk communications? (c) What determines the meanings that recipients take away from our risk messages? It will then review a range of recent experimental research results that suggest potential answers for each question.

  • 34.

    Innovative Technology and Methods for Data Collection (01/09/2009)

    Speaker(s): Renee Shatos Petrie

    DatStat is a research solutions company working with researchers in academia and health-related research institutions who study a wide range of social and health related issues. DatStat's technology provides a unified research platform for a broad range of research needs including longitudinal studies, interventions, clinical research trials, multi-mode studies (web, phone, in-person, EDC), multi-site and multi-language studies. This presentation will focus on DatStat's technology. DatStat works with many innovative researchers and we will show you examples of some of our favorite projects. A short list of our customers includes Brown University, Children's Hospital, UPenn, University of Minnesotan, Massachusetts General Hospital, University of Texas, Peace Corps, Rush Medical Center, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Dana Farber Cancer Institute, and Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center.

  • 35.

    Effects of Testimonials from Others in a Cancer Screening Decision Aid (12/12/2008)

    Speaker(s): Amanda Dillard, PhD

    In this study, we recruited participants whose ages ranged from 49-55 and who had not yet been screened for colon cancer. We presented them with a decision aid about the importance of colon cancer screening. As they read the decision aid, one-half of the participants also read about a similar other's experience with colon cancer screening. The other one-half simply read the decision aid without the information from a similar other. We examined the effects of these testimonials on several variables including individuals' risk perceptions for colon cancer, their anxiety about colon cancer, and their intentions to be screened for colon cancer.

  • 36.

    Exploring Relationships Between Acculturation and Diabetes Behaviors and Beliefs: Results of a short survey with Mexican Americans (11/14/2008)

    Speaker(s): Rachel E. Davis, PhD, MPH

    This talk describes results from a recent telephone survey designed to assess relationships between levels of acculturation and adherence to attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs that have been associated with Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes. Since many of the concepts measured derive from findings in previously published qualitative research with Latinos in the U.S., this study explores the prevalence of these attitudes, behaviors, and beliefs among Mexican Americans specifically. The grounds for a culturally specific, tailored diabetes management program for Mexican Americans will be explored.

  • 37.

    Development of an Interactive Website to Provide Tailored Risk Communication and Education to Women at High Risk of Breast Cancer (10/10/2008)

    Speaker(s): J. Scott Roberts, PhD

    This talk will describe the development of a web-based decision aid designed for women considering genetic testing for breast cancer. Given the limited access to cancer genetic counseling services nationwide, this tool is designed to expand the reach of quality health education and risk communication in this area.

  • 38.

    The Buddy Study: Training Peers with Heart Failure in Motivational Inverviewing-Based Approaches to Support Each Other (09/12/2008)

    Speaker(s): M. E. Michele Heisler, MD, MPA

    Dr. Heisler will discuss the development and use of a DVD, Tools for a Helpful Peer Partner, and other approaches in an intervention that trained congestive heart failure how to support each other in managing their illness via phone calls. The DVD describes and models Motivational Interviewing (MI) style communication skills for peer-to-peer communications.

  • 39.

    MPOWERed Messages: Using tailored text messages as an adjunct to a pediatric multidisciplinary weight management program (08/22/2008)

    Speaker(s): Susan J. Woolford, MD, MPH

    This talk will describe the MPOWERed Messages intervention, which uses tailored text messages to enhance adherence to treatment recommendations among Adolescents enrolled in the Michigan Pediatric Outpatient Weight Evaluation and Reduction (MPOWER) Program.

  • 40.

    Developing Cancer Research Dissemination Tools (07/11/2008)

    Speaker(s): Sarah T. Hawley, PhD, MPH

    The talk will describe Dr. Hawley's work with CHCR to develop several websites for delivery of cancer related health information, for patient education, intervention, and dissemination purposes. Dr. Hawley will share these websites with the group and will solicit feedback about next steps related to the overall studies.

  • 41.

    Positively Smoke Free: Smoking Cessation Program for Persons with HIV (06/19/2008)

    Speaker(s): Jonathan Shuter, MD

    Cigarette smoking is highly prevalent among persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs), and is associated with significantly increased morbidity and mortality. Positively Smoke Free is a smoking cessation program for persons with HIV funded by the American Legacy Foundation and conducted at Montefiore Medical Center Infectious Diseases Clinic in Bronx, NY. Dr. Shuter will discuss the population at Montefiore, cigarette smoking behaviors and beliefs in persons living with HIV/AIDS, and the results of Positively Smoke Free.

  • 42.

    BMI2: Brief Motivational Interviewing to reduce BMI (06/13/2008)

    Speaker(s): Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    This talk will present the rationale and design of a new study, BMI2, that will test the use of MI to reduce pediatric obesity in Primary Care. The study is a collaboration between the U of M, American Academy of Pediatrics, and American Academy of Dietetics.

  • 43.

    The RealU: An online college life magazine to reduce cigarette use (05/09/2008)

    Speaker(s): Lawrence C. An, MD

    The college years represent an opportunity to intervene to limit escalation in cigarette use and encourage early cessation. Working with the University of Minnesota's Boynton Student Health Service, the goal of this project was to test a web-based intervention to reduce cigarette smoking by UM Twin Cities undergraduates. Identified via internet health screening survey, individuals were invited to weekly wed sessions to (1) track their cigarette use, (2) take an interactive quiz to learn about their lifestyle and smoking habits, and (3) view an on-line college life magazine with general lifestyle and smoking related content. Outcomes include 7-day abstinence at weeks 6, 12, and 20 evaluation points and 30-day abstinence at week 20 (with carbon monoxide (CO) validation).

  • 44.

    Eye Movements When Viewing Matched and Mismatched Testimonial Images (04/11/2008)

    Speaker(s): Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    Researchers have been puzzled with whether or not to tailor pictorial images to participants in their health communication materials. To address this question, we ran a pilot study asking each smoker to read 3 testimonials of people who successfully quit smoking. Each testimonial was paired with either a generic health communications picture, a picture matched to the participant's age, race, and gender, and a picture mismatched to the participant's age, race, and gender. Results and implications will be discussed. Ideas for developing subsequent studies are welcome.

  • 45.

    Use of a Diary in Asthma Management: Examining the impact of documenting on disease management (12/14/2007)

    Speaker(s): Melissa A. Valerio, PhD, MPH

    This talk will describe findings from a study examining the impact of documenting in a daily diary on asthma management. The 6-week diary was part of the Women Breathe Free intervention aimed at increasing women's asthma self-management.

  • 46.

    Health Benefits of Caring for Others (11/09/2007)

    Speaker(s): Stephanie L. Brown, PhD

    This talk will describe a program of research intended to explore the pathways by which helping behavior influences physical health. Dr. Brown will review the results of a series of studies that implicate the stress response as a mediator of helping-induced benefits.

  • 47.

    Results From the "Eat for Life" Ethnic Identity Study (10/12/2007)

    Speaker(s): Rachel E. Davis, PhD, MPH

    Eat for Life is a five-year project designed to test the efficacy of tailoring health messages on either ethnic identity or motivational predisposition to increase fruit and vegetable consumption among African American adults. This talk will describe preliminary findings from the Eat for Life ethnic identity study arm on the effectiveness of tailoring health newsletters on Black ethnic identity type.

  • 48.

    Identity-Based Motivation and Health Promotion (09/14/2007)

    Speaker(s): Daphna Oyserman, PhD

    This talk will describe the identity-based motivation model and use this framework to examine barriers to health promotion as well as the psychological pull of behaviors that are not health promoting, use of the model to promote academic attainment will be summarized as well.

  • 49.

    Pilot Results of CSATS: Cancer Screening Adherence through Technology-Enhanced Shared Decision Making - "If You Build It, Will They Come?" (08/10/2007)

    Speaker(s): Masahito Jimbo, MD, PhD, MPH

    This talk will review the results of a feasibility study to enable patients and physicians to engage in effective shared decision making through a process that links tailored behavioral intervention to physician recommendation. CSATS links an interactive Internet-based decision aid on colorectal cancer (CRC) screening to a clinician reminder system. This enables the patients and physicians to be better informed about the patient risks and preferences regarding CRC screening at the time of the visit. We hypothesize that this leads to better decision-making and ultimately increased CRC screening adherence.

  • 50.

    Development and Pilot Testing of a Preference-Tailored Colorectal Cancer Screening Intervention (07/13/2007)

    Speaker(s): Sarah T. Hawley, PhD, MPH

    This talk will describe the development of a web-based colorectal cancer screening decision tool, Decider Guider, that includes an interactive preference clarification exercise using conjoint analysis. The exercise allows participants to make choices about different attributes of existing CRC screening tests. The results of their choices are assessed in "real time" and feedback provided to the user regarding: 1) their most important attributes; and 2) the CRC screening test that best matches what the user feels is important. The tool was pilot tested in the Ann Arbor VA Healthcare system and results of this pilot-test will be presented. Finally, next steps planned for evaluating the effectiveness of this intervention for increasing CRC screening adherence will be described and feedback from the group elicited.

  • 51.

    Opportunities and Challenges to Population-Based Research to Evaluate the Quality of Care For Women with Breast Cancer (06/18/2007)

    Speaker(s): Steven J. Katz, MD, MPH

    This talk will describe a research agenda in partnership with UM investigators, NCI, selected regional SEER cancer registries, and the American College of Surgeons to deploy a population-based approach to the study of the quality of care for patients with breast cancer. Results from recent studies presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology will be highlighted.

  • 52.

    Why Gender Matters in Patient-Physician Communication (06/08/2007)

    Speaker(s): Debra L. Roter, DrPH

    Physician gender has stimulated a good deal of interest as a possible source of variation in the interpersonal aspects of medical practice. This talk will address the question through a synthesize of results based on two meta analytic reviews of physician gender and communication in medical visits within a patient-centeredness framework

  • 53.

    Results From the "Eat for Life" Motivational Predisposition Study (05/11/2007)

    Speaker(s): Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    Eat for Life is a five-year project designed to test the efficacy of tailoring health messages on either motivational predisposition or ethnic identity to increase fruit and vegetable consumption among African American adults. This talk will describe preliminary findings from Eat for Life's Motivational Predisposition study arm on the effectiveness of tailoring health newsletters on intrinsic or extrinsic motivational style.

  • 54.

    Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) - Research Presentations (04/24/2007)

    Speaker(s): Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD, Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH, Caroline R. Richardson, MD, Masahito Jimbo, MD, PhD, MPH, Peter A. Ubel, MD, Sarah T. Hawley, PhD, MPH, Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    Please join us for the opening of the 2007 UM Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) Annual Meeting. Three large research studies and four developmental projects will be presented.

  • 55.

    An fMRI Study of High vs. Low Tailored Smoking Cessation Messages (04/13/2007)

    Speaker(s): Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    Previous research finds that highly tailored smoking cessation messages lead to higher rates of cessation than low-tailored smoking intervention messages. An fMRI study explores whether the brain responds differentially to these messages.

  • 56.

    A Web-based, Tailored, Asthma Management Program for Urban, African-American Teenagers (03/09/2007)

    Speaker(s): Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    African-American teenagers have asthma mortality rates that are higher relative to younger ages and other race groups. This talk will describe the development, implementation, and school-based evaluation of Puff City, a tailored asthma management program targeting urban youth with this condition.

  • 57.

    Genetic Susceptibility Testing for Adult-Onset Disorders (02/09/2007)

    Speaker(s): J. Scott Roberts, PhD

    This talk will summarize results from the REVEAL Study (Risk Evaluation & Education for Alzheimer's disease), a series of randomized clinical trials examining the psychological and behavioral impact of a genetic risk assessment program for adult children and siblings of people with Alzheimer's disease. Also discussed will be plans to extend this work into cancer genetics.

  • 58.

    Stepping Up to Health: Extending the Reach (12/08/2006)

    Speaker(s): Caroline R. Richardson, MD

    This talk will describe the Stepping Up to Health intervention, which uses enhanced pedometers and Internet-based tailored feedback to develop low-cost interventions to promote physical activity in people with diabetes. Expanding the Reach will promote physical activity to sedentary adults who have heart disease or diabetes, or are at risk for developing heart disease, diabetes or even cancer.

  • 59.

    Exploring the Role of Interviewer Ethnic Identity on Telephone-Administered Surveys with African Americans (11/10/2006)

    Speaker(s): Rachel E. Davis, PhD, MPH

    This talk will describe a dissertation research project that has been incorporated into the CHCR's Eat for Life program to explore the relationships among the ethnic identities of African American telephone survey interviewers and respondents and how these relationships impact health survey data, program outcomes, program satisfaction, health plan satisfaction, and respondents' feelings about interviewers. This project involves the development of a linguistic coding system for phonological features in order to develop a proxy variable for conveyed ethnic identity.

  • 60.

    Communicating Graphically: Comparing graphical formats and their implications on knowledge and risk perceptions (10/13/2006)

    Speaker(s): Angela Fagerlin, PhD

    In one study we randomized participants to receive one of 6 formats that communicated the risks and benefits of treatment: 1) table, 2) pictograph, 3) pie graph, 4) bar graph, 5) modified pie graph (that looked like a clock), and 6) sparkplug. We compared participants' knowledge and risk perceptions across the 6 versions. We found that compared to all graphs, respondents who received the pictographs had better gist and verbatim knowledge. We will also describe how each graph was related to participants risk perceptions.

  • 61.

    Issues and Approaches to Communicating Changes in Risk (09/08/2006)

    Speaker(s): Brian Zikmund-Fisher, PhD

    In many medical decision contexts, helping patients to understand what their risks are matters less than ensuring that patients grasp how their risks might change based on their behavior. Treatments or behavior change interventions reduce risk, yet may cause side effects which increase other risks.

  • 62.

    Cancer Screening Adherence through Technology-Enhanced Shared Decision Making (CSATS) (08/11/2006)

    Speaker(s): Masahito Jimbo, MD, PhD, MPH

    This seminar will discuss the development and pilot testing of an effective behavioral intervention model to improve patient adherence to colorectal cancer (CRC) screening that is feasible and sustainable in community practices by linking a computer prompt/reminder system with a behavioral intervention that combines decision aid and risk assessment with physician recommendation to enhance Shared Decision Making (SDM).

  • 63.

    Minority Recruitment to Cancer Clinical Trials (07/14/2006)

    Speaker(s): Natasha C. Blakeney, MPH

    This talk will describe some of the participant and investigator challenges regarding minority recruitment to cancer clinical trials, explore current barrier-reducing approaches identified in the literature and highlight strategies adopted by the University of Michigan Cancer Center 's Minority Outreach Initiative.

  • 64.

    Guide to Decide: Initial Results (06/09/2006)

    Speaker(s): Peter A. Ubel, MD

    This talk will present an overview of the main findings in the initial "screening" phase of a multi-phased experimental process to explore methods of communicating risk regarding tamoxifen prophylaxis to women at high risk for breast cancer, with a particular emphasis on illustrating how Phase 1 data will be used to inform the design of the Phase 2 "refinement" study.

  • 65.

    Motivation, Values, and Self Determination Theory: Development of a tailored print intervention for increasing fruit and vegetable consumption in African Americans (05/12/2006)

    Speaker(s):

    Tailored health behavior interventions, most of which have been based on a limited number of theoretical models (e.g., Health Belief Model, Transtheoretical Model, and Social Cognitive Theory) have generally demonstrated positive effects. Self Determination Theory (SDT) proposes that individuals who pursue intrinsic goals (e.g., personal growth) are more likely to satisfy their psychological needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness than are those who focus on extrinsic goals (e.g., social pressures). Therefore, we expect that when people strongly link intrinsic goals to the act of eating fruit and vegetables, they will experience higher motivation and greater well-being than if they engage in this behavior largely in the service of extrinsic goals. Factor analysis from a psychometric pilot study of 286 African American adult members of a Midwestern HMO confirmed a clear distinction between items measuring intrinsic and extrinsic motivators for fruit and vegetable intake. To expand the theoretical basis of tailoring, this talk will discuss how Self Determination Theory (SDT), developed by Deci and Ryan and others, was used in conjunction with principles and techniques from Motivational Interviewing (MI) and more established theories of health behavior to develop a tailored print intervention for increasing fruit and vegetable intake in African American adults.

  • 66.

    Weight-Related Health Issues in Social Contexts: Social Psychological Approaches to Studying Nutrition, Exercise, and Weight Loss (05/04/2006)

    Speaker(s): Heather A. Patrick, PhD

    This talk will present a program of research on the interplay between close relationships and health. This line of research is based on both social and developmental psychology theories and focuses on the role of close relationships (e.g., parent-child relationships, romantic relationships) in health throughout the lifespan, with a particular focus on weight-related health issues among minorities. The theoretical frameworks that guide the research are grounded in social cognitive (e.g., implicit theories), motivational (e.g., self-determination theory), and developmental (e.g., parenting) approaches that address the mechanisms through which long-term behavior change and adherence can be achieved. The methodologies employed include experiments, experience sampling procedures, and small group methods (e.g., studies of dyads and families). The presentation will also include a discussion of currently-funded research and future directions.

  • 67.

    Developing a Preference-Tailored Tool for Increasing Colorectal Cancer Screening (04/14/2006)

    Speaker(s): Sarah T. Hawley, PhD, MPH

    This talk will focus on the development of a computer-based tool for assessing preferences for colorectal cancer screening test characteristics using conjoint analysis (a marketing technique). First, Dr. Hawley will provide some background regarding use of conjoint analysis to assess preferences for colorectal cancer screening from her current and prior work. Dr. Hawley will then describe the tool being developed, and elicit feedback from the audience on tool delivery and study design issues.

  • 68.

    Forever Free: Where We Are Now (03/10/2006)

    Speaker(s): Susan A. Murphy, PhD

    This talk will review the Forever Free project and the progress of, and challenges confronting, the data collection. The types of questions that we'd like to address will be reviewed. In particular the focus will be on relevance of the questions for the field and the ability of the data to address these questions.

  • 69.

    Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST): An Extension of Randomized Clinical Trials (02/10/2006)

    Speaker(s): Linda M. Collins, PhD

    The randomized clinical trial emerged from areas such as pharmacology where interventions typically consist of a single component, e.g. a drug. Today, interventions are increasingly behavioral, and increasingly multi-component. This talk will review the Multiphase Optimization Strategy, an extension of clinical trials methods aimed at optimizing multi-component behavioral interventions. MOST consists of the following three phases: (1) screening, in which randomized experimentation closely guided by theory is used to asses an array of program and/or delivery components and select the components that merit further investigation; (2) refining, in which interactions among the identified set of components and their interrelationships with covariates are investigated in detail, again via randomized experiments, and optimal dosage levels and combinations of components are identified; and (3) confirming, in which the resulting optimized intervention is evaluated by means of a standard randomized clinical trial. In order to make the best use of available resources, MOST relies on design and analysis tools that help maximize efficiency, such as fractional factorials. MOST has the potential to husband program development resources while increasing understanding of the individual program and delivery components that make up interventions.

  • 70.

    Stepping Up to Health: Tailored step-count feedback to increase walking (10/07/2005)

    Speaker(s): Caroline R. Richardson, MD

    This talk will review progress in the Stepping Up to Health study. Stepping Up to Health is an Internet mediated intervention to promote walking in people with or at risk for chronic diseases. A central component of the Stepping Up to Health intervention is graphical feedback of time stamped step-count data. Participants wear an enhanced pedometer that stores detailed step-count data. The enhanced pedometer can be connected to a personal computer to automatically upload data to the Stepping Up to Health web site over the Internet. We have completed an initial round of usability testing on the intervention and are currently making modifications based on user feedback in preparation for a randomized controlled trial.

  • 71.

    MENU Choices Incentive Study Results (09/09/2005)

    Speaker(s): Christine C. Johnson, PhD, MPH

    Dr. Johnson will describe a collaborative NCI funded study sponsored as part of the HMO Cancer Research Network. The research was conducted as preliminary work to a web-based intervention study designed to increase fruit and vegetable intake. The study investigated different combinations of timing and amount of cash incentives to maximize recruitment and retention in a web-based nutrition related program.

  • 72.

    Results of Two Commercial Internet-Based Behavior Change Programs (07/08/2005)

    Speaker(s): Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This presentation will focus on results of two commercial Internet-based behavior change programs: HealthMedia Balance, a tailored weight management program, and the Committed Quitters Program for smoking cessation. Results of two randomized trials will be presented, focusing on outcomes, mediators and moderators of the programs.

  • 73.

    Using Interactive Technologies to Help People Quit Smoking: The Australian Experience (06/03/2005)

    Speaker(s): Ron Borland, PhD, MAPS

    Ron Borland, PhD will discuss the use of tailored print, the Internet, and telecounseling to help Australian smokers in their quitting efforts. The presentation will focus on both reach and efficacy of these strategies.

  • 74.

    The Scatter of Healthcare Information (05/13/2005)

    Speaker(s): Suresh K. Bhavnani, PhD

    The rapid development of huge sources of information in online domains like healthcare, coupled with powerful search engines, suggests that finding comprehensive information about a topic is straightforward. However, recent studies show that, while novices can easily find information for questions that have specific answers (e.g. What is a melanoma?), they have difficulty in finding answers for questions requiring a comprehensive understanding of a topic (e.g. What are the risk and prevention factors for melanoma?). This talk presents results which suggest that an important explanation for the difficulty of finding comprehensive information is the phenomenon of information scatter: as the number of information sources about a specific topic increases, the information across the sources begins to follow a Zipf-like distribution, where a few sources have a large amount of information, and many sources have very little information. These results motivate the need for systems, interfaces, and training that are "distribution conscious", to assist users in finding comprehensive information about a topic. The talk concludes with the design and evaluation of a portal called the Strategy Hub, which specifically addresses the problem of information scatter in the healthcare domain.

  • 75.

    Testing the Impact of a Decision Aid on Patient-Physician Communication and Decision Making: A brainstorming session (04/08/2005)

    Speaker(s): Angela Fagerlin, PhD

    This talk will signal a change in the format of some of our monthly talks. We will begin incorporating some brainstorming sessions, which will allow investigators to get feedback on projects that are related to the Center. In this first brainstorming session, Angie will describe her grant proposal where she intends to test the effectiveness of a low literacy decision for prostate cancer against standard care. She will evaluate the decision aid in terms of it's ability to facilitate patient-physician communication and in improving the decision making process.

  • 76.

    Tailored Health Communications in Public Health Promotion: content, context, and community (03/23/2005)

    Speaker(s): Marci K. Campbell, PhD

    Individualized computer-tailored health communications messages are becoming widely used in health promotion programs focused on improving various health behaviors. Typical tailored health communications are assessment based and utilize information such as demographics, health behaviors, and theory-derived psychosocial variables to drive the tailoring algorithms and content of the feedback. In public health and community-based programs, contextual factors such as cultural and spiritual beliefs, organizational characteristics, social network information, and environmental and community resources may also be used to tailor and target the feedback content and format. Much of our research has focused on assessing the relative contribution and effects of tailored communications in the context of multi-component and multi-level intervention strategies involving community participation, as well as comparing delivery media such as print versus web. Examples from our recent research include examining the effectiveness of tailored newsletters to promote healthy eating, physical activity, and cancer screening in several randomized trials conducted with lower income and minority populations in North Carolina, including rural African American church members and blue-collar female workers. A recently completed study in a population-based sample, for example, showed that combining tailored print newsletters with motivational interviewing conducted via the telephone was more effective and cost effective for promoting fruit and vegetable consumption than either intervention alone. Implications for research and dissemination will be discussed.

  • 77.

    Eat for Life Psychometric Pilot Results: African American Ethnic Profiles (03/11/2005)

    Speaker(s): Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    This talk will discuss the results of a telephone survey to develop a new racial identity measure.

  • 78.

    Leveraging Communication, Marketing, and Policy to Create Population-Based Health Behavior Change (01/14/2005)

    Speaker(s): Edward W. Maibach, MPH, PhD

    This talk will examine Michael Rothschild's (1999) "Behavior Management Continuum" concept for its relevance in stimulating population-based health behavior change. We will also discuss the implications of the concept for the practice of health communication and for training health communication practitioners.

  • 79.

    Following Up Nonrespondents in an Online Weight Management Intervention (12/10/2004)

    Speaker(s): Mick P. Couper, MSS, PhD, MA

    Severe attrition was experienced in a recent web-based RCT of a tailored versus standard weight management program. Only 21% of the original participants completed the 6-month and 15% the 12-month follow-up surveys online. In order to explore both the causes of the drop-out and possible effects on the results of the trial, we conducted a follow-up study of a sample of the nonrespondents, using both mail and telephone modes. We report on the preliminary results of this work.

  • 80.

    Fractional Factorial Designs: A Tutorial (11/12/2004)

    Speaker(s): Vijayan N. Nair, PhD

    Fractional factorial designs have a long history and have been used successfully in agriculture, engineering, and other areas of application. CHCR is using these efficient designs in all three of our current research projects. This talk will provide a tutorial on fractional factorial designs and their statistical properties, usefulness as screening designs, and proposed role in a multiphase optimization strategy for behavioral intervention research.

  • 81.

    Risky Feelings: why 6% doesn't always feel like 6% (07/16/2004)

    Speaker(s): Peter A. Ubel, MD

    When making decisions, people are "supposed" to weigh risks and benefits. All else equal, a 6% risk of a bad outcome should be worse than a 7 or 8 or 9% risk. But that isn't always how risk feels. I discuss how the feel of risk can be changed by subtle means, in ways that threaten good decision making.

  • 82.

    Motivational Interviewing in Medical and Public Health Settings (06/11/2004)

    Speaker(s): Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    Motivational Interviewing (MI) is a novel approach to counseling that assists individuals to work through their ambivalence about behavior change and unearth their intrinsic motivation to change. As opposed to more traditional patient education approaches that "push" motivation, in MI the counselor uses techniques such as reflective listening and values clarification to help clients write their own advertisement for change; to "pull" motivation. The presentation will address: 1) An introduction to MI: Its spirit and essential strategies 2) Discussion of how MI can be applied in behavioral health settings 3) Introduction to key MI skills including reflecting listening and open ended questions 4) Eliciting change talk 5) Developing discrepancy.

  • 83.

    Causal Inference and Alternative Explanations (05/14/2004)

    Speaker(s): Susan A. Murphy, PhD

    This talk will review some of the basic tenets on which we rely when we wish to infer that treatment A causes response B. In particular we'll discuss the rationale for randomization and sampling. We'll also discuss how assessing the effects of time-varying treatments raises interesting challenges.

  • 84.

    Little Things Matter: Designing Web Surveys (04/09/2004)

    Speaker(s): Mick P. Couper, MSS, PhD, MA

    Using a number of examples from a variety of experiments over the last several years, Dr. Couper will demonstrate the importance of design in affecting the answers that people provide in Web surveys. This includes such design decisions as the type of input tool used, the layout and format of the screen, the use of pictures, and so on.

  • 85.

    Health Communication Research and the Internet (03/23/2004)

    Speaker(s): Jay M. Bernhardt, PhD, MPH

    This talk explores Internet-based applications and the role they can play in health communication research and programs, including the implications for research methods and the protection of human subjects.

  • 86.
  • 87.

    Developments in Motivation to Change Health Behavior and Working Mechanisms of Computer-Tailored Interventions (02/16/2004)

    Speaker(s): Arie Dijkstra, PhD

    Dr. Dijkstra wil describe his recent research conducted in the Netherlands exploring elements of tailored interventions that are most potent in affecting health behavior change.

  • 88.

    Individual Tailoring of Health Communications (02/13/2004)

    Speaker(s): Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    What is tailoring? How does it differ from segmentation? Why tailor? On what variables do we tailor? Dr. Strecher will present an introduction to tailored health behavioral change interventions. He will also highlight the research findings of recent commercial tailored programs in three distinct health smoking cessation, medication adherence, and weight management.

  • 89.

    CHCR Center & Research Projects Overview (01/09/2004)

    Speaker(s): Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Dr. Strecher will give an overview of his recent five-year $10 million award from the National Cancer Institute to create a Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research. This Center will systematically explore the "active ingredients" of effective tailored health communication, developing statistical models for optimizing the impact of individually-tailored communications. The results of this research are forming a new understanding of health communications for interactive media, including the Internet, digitally tailored print, personal digital assistants (PDA), and interactive television.

  • 90.

    Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation (12/02/2003)

    Speaker(s): Geoffrey C. Williams, MD, PhD

    Dr. Williams will talk about his experience using Motivational Interviewing to affect health behavior change in a primary care setting and will demonstrate the technique.

  • 91.

    Nigrescence Theory & Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS) (11/25/2003)

    Speaker(s): William E. Cross, Jr., PhD

    William E. Cross, Jr., PhD, will discuss his Nigrescence Model, an attitudinal theory representing predominant themes in individual African American attitudes, including perspectives placing low salience on race, an encounter experience or series of experiences, and internalized attitudes where the salience of race in American culture is recognized. The nine nigrescence attitudes include preencounter (assimilation, miseducation, and self-hatred), immersion-emersion (anti-White and intense Black involvement), and internalization (biculturalist, Afrocentric, multiculturalist racial, and multiculturalist inclusive). Dr. Cross will also disciuss the Cross Racial Identity Scale (CRIS), an instrument to measure the Nigrescence Model.