Keyword: "CECCR"

33 items were found with the keyword "CECCR".

  • Project Quit Plan Z

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    This project explores the psychological processes underlying how valence of images in anti-smoking advertisements influences uptake and follow through for a smoking cessation program. Specifically, we seek to investigate whether self-affirmation or exposure to different types of images (positive images (e.g. images of health, happiness) or negative images (e.g. images of death, sickness)) are more likely to effectively change attitudes towards smoking and increase motivation to join and complete a smoking cessation program. (01/01/2013 - 12/31/2014)

  • Storyteller Project

    PI: Rachel E. Davis, PhD, MPH , Suzanne M. Cole, PhD , Karen E. Peterson, DSc

    The goal of this study is to identify key ingredients of tailored narratives to promote childhood obesity prevention behaviors among mothers of preschool-aged Mexican American children. (09/01/2011 - 08/31/2012)

  • Neural predictors of synergy between self-affirmation and message tailoring

    PI: Emily B. Falk, PhD

    We propose self-affirmation as a theory driven intervention to improve self-efficacy for physical activity in sedentary, overweight adults. In particular, we hypothesize that self-affirmation manipulations that focus on a participantís strengths, delivered prior to exposure to a targeted health communication, will reduce defensive processing of messages (e.g. counter arguing), increase self-efficacy to perform the target health behavior, and may lead to increased behavior change, compared to a non-affirmation control. (09/01/2011 - 08/31/2012)

  • Measuring Chemotoxicity with IVR

    PI: Christopher R. Friese, PhD, RN, AOCN, FAAN

    This study examines the agreement between prospective and retrospective reporting of toxicities and health care service use (e.g., unscheduled office visit, emergency department visit, hospitalization) by patients with cancer treated with systemic chemotherapy. This information will provide the Cancer Center with rich patient outcomes data to inform quality improvement efforts. (09/01/2011 - 08/31/2012)

  • Prostate Cancer Recurrence Risk Decision Aid

    PI: Daniel A. Hamstra, PhD, MD

    Approximately 10-30% of men who undergo external beam radiation for localized prostate cancer see rising PSA scores following treatment. Some of these men need androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) as salvage treatment. ADT is not curative and has significant side effects that impact quality of life (QOL). These facts must be balanced against its clinical need. The decision to initiate hormonal therapy is driven more by patient anxiety and less by clinical parameters. Thus, men need to better understand how their PSA values and likelihood of recurrence will change over time. A novel computer model, based on 2,386 patients previously treated, provides this information. This project aims to develop and test methods of communicating this information to patients and to determine how patients use it in their treatment decisions. (09/01/2010 - 08/31/2012)

  • Narrative Video Library

    PI: Borsika Rabin, PhD, MPH, PharmD

    This project aims to develop an online library of video vignettes that highlight a discussion with a leading researcher or practitioner who describe one problem in the process of dissemination and implementation (D&I) and show viewers how he/she solved the problem. (09/01/2010 - 08/31/2011)

  • ChemoDosing

    PI: Tunghi May Pini, MD, MPH , Jennifer J. Griggs, MD, MPH

    Approximately 40% of obese patients with breast cancer undergoing chemotherapy receive reduced doses of chemotherapy despite nearly two decades of evidence supporting full weight-based dosing. This project aims to share evidence that supports full dosing for obese breast cancer patients with physicians. (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)

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  • Vax Facts

    PI: Amanda F. Dempsey, MD, PhD, MPH

    Vax Facts offers a tailored brochure to address parents' concerns about HPV vaccines. The intervention draws on our previous data on reasons parents decline HPV vaccines for their daughters. This data is used to develop questions and responses that elicit and address parental beliefs that hinder HPV vaccine series initiation. Intervention messages are tailored to address these beliefs and concerns. (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)

  • Survivorship Resource Room

    PI: Jennifer J. Griggs, MD, MPH

    Breast cancer survivors often experience challenges as they transition from treatment to survivorship. The Survivorship Resource Room offers informational, emotional, and instrumental support during this transition. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2010)

  • Discussing the Choice

    PI: Angela Fagerlin, PhD , Peter A. Ubel, MD

    DVDs demonstrate to patients some of the issues that might arise during their prostate cancer diagnosis visit that may prevent them from sharing in the decision of what treatment to choose. The DVDs also provide solutions that would allow for patients' participation in the treatment decision making process. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

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  • Inside Health

    PI: Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD , Jennifer Elston Lafata, PhD , Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project tests two interventions to increase colorectal cancer screening among African American members of the Henry Ford Health System. Participants are randomized to: Basic Tailoring: A series of newsletters, tailored on age, gender, health history, and prior CRC screening; or Enhanced Tailoring: Basic tailoring PLUS tailoring on screening preferences, ethnic identity, and motivational predisposition. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

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  • Tailoring Technology Core (CECCR1 and CECCR2)

    PI: Edward W. Saunders, MS

    The primary purpose of the Tailoring Technology Core (TTC) is to design, develop, pretest, and implement the tailored intervention systems required for all CECCR Research and Developmental Projects. Consolidating these task into a central core offers several advantages. First, the TTC organizes resources for more cost-effective production of tailored interventions for each of the Projects. TTC programmers use a common robust tailoring system for all Projects. Instead of building each Projectís interventions individually, from the ground up, TTC builds each one from an existing foundation that has been refined over several years, and then adds the appropriate assessments and content, modifies tailoring algorithms, and applies any special features.Second, the multidisciplinary organization of personnel within the TTC allows us to more efficiently explore new directions in advanced communications technologies. The close interaction of a broad set of expertise allows us to generate more relevant, robust tools for tailored health interventions. This synergy is demonstrated by the Centerís development of a re-usable tailoring system for both web- and print-based health interventions. Developed and enhanced over the last decade, this system embodies our significant experience conducting cancer prevention and control research applied to an extremely wide range of populations, settings, health topics, and advanced communications technologies.Third, Projects benefit from standard technologies, as well as active sharing of knowledge from a variety of disciplines and perspectives. For example, Tailoring Core members, working on all three Projects, identify best practices in tailoring algorithms used in one Project and suggest these practices to other investigators. Similarly, content and theoretical applications used in one Project are applied by the same behavior science staff in the Tailoring Core to other Projects. Specifically, it allows the use of common assessments, theoretical message composition, and graphics as empirical knowledge is gained. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Social & Cognitive Neuroscience Core (CECCR2)

    PI: Thad A. Polk, PhD

    Ultimately, the goal of CECCR2 aims to understand why and how communication affects health-related behavior and decision making. Specifically, we want to know how tailoring communication by specific individual characteristics influences subsequent health behaviors. For example:How does tailoring a message about smoking influence smokersí subsequent decisions about quitting? How does tailoring a message about colorectal cancer affect peopleís willingness to get screened? How does tailoring information about prostate cancer affect patientsí subsequent conversations with their physicians about their treatment preference? A significant obstacle to answering these kinds of questions is that health-related decisions can have many different causes; and these causes can be difficult to disentangle using purely behavioral measures. We therefore want to incorporate measures that begin to address the underlying neural and cognitive mechanisms that give rise to the observed behaviors. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Biostatistics and Measurement Core (CECCR1 and CECCR2)

    PI: Roderick J. A. Little, PhD

    The development and evaluation of effective behavioral interventions depends on valid, reliable measurements, efficient statistical design and data collection methods, and appropriate data analysis techniques. Accordingly, biostatisticians continue to play a pivotal role in research conducted by the CECCR2. Key personnel include Dr. Rod Little, Dr. Vijay Nair and Dr. Mick Couper. Each are senior and highly-respected statisticians and methodologists, who played active roles in the CECCR1 and continue to be actively involved in developing testable specific aims and appropriate statistical design and analysis for the Projects in CECCR2. All are already well versed in the complex statistical issues associated with developing effective tailored health interventions, such as fractional factorial designs, data imputation, and mixed models with random effects. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • CECCR2 - Center of Excellence In Cancer Communications Research II

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions for many health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • MPOWERed

    PI: Susan J. Woolford, MD, MPH

    Short, tailored text messages are sent to obese adolescents that address five evidence-based weight-related behavioral domains: reduction of screen time, regular consumption of a healthy breakfast, decreased consumption of sweetened beverages, decreased consumption of fast food, and increased consumption of fruit and vegetable. Texts include highly tailored messages, targeted messages and reminders. (09/01/2007 - 03/31/2010)

  • Improving Risk Communication through Tailored Testimonials

    PI: Amanda Dillard, PhD

    Two experiments examine the effects of tailored testimonials on people's knowledge, satisfaction, interest in shared decision-making, and behavioral intentions after reading a colorectal cancer screening decision aid. (09/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

  • Diabetes Self-Management for Mexican Americans

    PI: Rachel E. Davis, PhD, MPH

    This feasibility study explores audience segment characteristics among Mexican Americans with type 2 diabetes ranging from low to high on acculturation and structural assimilation. Particular attention is devoted to examining associations between diabetes-related behaviors and beliefs and acculturation/structural assimilation that have been previously suggested through qualitative research. (09/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

  • Breast Cancer Genetics Network Website Improvements

    PI: J. Scott Roberts, PhD

    This study refines an existing Web-based, tailored decision aid for women at risk for breast and ovarian cancer. The existing educational materials are made more interactive, more highly tailored and personalized. (09/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

  • Eye Tracking Tailored Photos

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    This study explores the effects images have on the amount of time spent reading text that is shown alongside images. Specifically, the project examines the time a smoker spends reading 3 brief testimonials, as well as the time spent looking at the images shown alongside the testimonials. (09/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

  • Cancer Risk Perceptions: Highlighting Changes and Time in the Picture

    PI: Brian Zikmund-Fisher, PhD

    This study examines the impact of "status-assessing" email messages sent to individuals who decided to quit smoking and chose a date to quit. Participants receive email messages 3 and 5 weeks after their self selected quit dates, asking them to click on a URL link that matches their current smoking status (quit, tried but relapsed, never quit). Participants who click on a link receive information targeted to their current smoking status. (09/01/2006 - 08/31/2008)

  • Cessation Messages & Neural Activation

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    This study explores whether listening to high-tailored smoking cessation messages activates the rostral medial prefrontal region more than listening to linguistically comparable but low-tailored cessation messages. (09/01/2006 - 08/31/2007)

  • Stepping Up to Health - Expanding the Reach

    PI: Caroline R. Richardson, MD

    The goal of this project is to expand the web-based Stepping Up to Health intervention to more individuals. The original intervention used enhanced pedometers and email-based tailored feedback to promote physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes. Expanding the Reach extends the tailored messages to promote physical activity to sedentary adults who are at risk for developing cancer, heart disease or diabetes, along with continuing to provide tailored messages for individuals with type 2 diabetes. (01/02/2006 - 12/31/2006)

  • Decider Guider

    PI: Sarah T. Hawley, PhD, MPH

    This study translates a paper-based preference-screening tool into a web-based preference-tailored intervention that is effective for increasing informed decision making (IDM) and compliance with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. The computer-based preference tool is used in clinical settings to help low-risk individuals decide which of five CRC screening tests best fits their preferences. By helping them choose which test to take, we hope to increase CRC screening rates. (01/02/2006 - 08/31/2007)

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  • CSATS

    PI: Masahito Jimbo, MD, PhD, MPH

    Cancer Screening Adherence through Technology-Enhanced Shared Decision Making (CSATS) is a tailored behavioral intervention to improve patient adherence to colorectal cancer screening (CRC). CSATS links a computerized screening prompt/reminder system with a tailored behavioral intervention. The intervention combines a screening decision aid with a risk assessment. Upon completion of the intervention, a recommendation is provided to both patient and physician to enhance shared decision making between the two. (01/02/2006 - 08/31/2007)

  • Web Scatter

    PI: Suresh K. Bhavnani, PhD

    Many users find it difficult to find comprehensive health information because the information, even for narrowly well-defined topics, is highly scattered across websites with no page or site containing all the relevant information. This study enables us to: (1) deepen our understanding of why users find it difficult to find comprehensive information about healthcare topics, and (2) provide explicit guidelines for how pages in healthcare websites should be linked to enable users to easily navigate through the site, with the ultimate goal of facilitating the process of finding comprehensive information. (02/01/2005 - 08/31/2005)

  • Stepping Up to Health

    PI: Caroline R. Richardson, MD

    Stepping Up To Health is an Internet-based walking program combined with an enhanced pedometer to promote walking in people with chronic diseases. This study expands the current bank of behavioral messages within the intervention to include messages for people with type 2 diabetes. (01/15/2005 - 12/31/2005)

  • CECCR - Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions that is generalizable across health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • THeME Non-responders

    PI: Mick P. Couper, MSS, PhD, MA

    The web is an attractive option for the implementation of surveys, but it suffers from potential limitations, including non-response. This study's primary goal is to identify ways to reduce non-response, attrition, and missing data for web surveys in parallel with the core research activities of the CECCR Research Projects. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2006)

  • Forever Free

    PI: Susan A. Murphy, PhD

    This developmental project tests the effects of expert vs user tailoring and rich vs poor graphical treatment in a brief web-based smoking cessation and relapse prevention intervention. The site's content is based on a series of booklets called Forever Free, developed by Dr. Thomas Brandon at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute. The project is an adjunct to Phase I of Project Quit and is offered to Project Quit participants at the end of that study's 6-month follow-up. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2006)

  • Guide to Decide

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH , Angela Fagerlin, PhD , Peter A. Ubel, MD

    Guide to Decide uses a multi-phased experimental process to explore methods of communicating risk regarding tamoxifen or raloxifene prophylaxis to women at high risk for breast cancer. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Eat for Life

    PI: Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    Eat for Life examines two constructs of tailoring within a print-based fruit and vegetable intervention for African American adults. Study 1 explores the use of motivational predisposition to tailor health behavior content, while Study 2 explores the use of cultural factors and ethnic identity for tailoring its' messages. Both studies use tailored print media, in the form of three 8 to 12 page newsletters, delivered to participants' homes. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Project Quit

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Project Quit is a web-based program to help individuals who are in the "Preparation Stage" (ready to quit smoking within 30 days) to quit smoking. The overall goal of the study is to identify optimal population-based health communications strategies tailored to specific characteristics of the individual. This project will focus on identifying and specifying active psychosocial and communication components or "factors" of smoking cessation interventions. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)