Keyword: "hospital"

4 items were found with the keyword "hospital".

  • Visualizing Health

    New

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Patients and the public are being inundated with a flood of health data and being asked to take a greater role in applying this data to make medical decisions regarding their own health. While general guidelines exist for "best practices" in medical risk communication, this work has not always considered the specific communication goals of the risk message or the specific information or practical needs of the patient. The  Communicating Health and Risk Messages (CHARM) project will address the gap in our current knowledge by informing the design of health risk data visualizations  across the full spectrum of risk communication goals. (09/01/2013 - 12/31/2013)

  • Liver Transplant Organ Offer Tool

    PI: Michael L. Volk, MD, MSc, AGAF

    Each time an organ comes along, the physician and potential recipient must decide whether to accept that offer or wait in hopes that a better one will come along.  This decision is a high-risk one, as the wrong choice could mean death for the patient.  It is also a complex one.  Physicians must incorporate multiple donor factors, recipient factors, and donor-recipient interactions, as well as the local magnitude of organ shortage and various technical and logistical concerns.  In a series of studies, we have shown that decisions about organ quality vary widely by transplant center, are inconsistent with the available evidence, and are susceptible to cognitive biases and external forces such as policy changes and competition between centers. Thus, this process of decision-making could stand to be improved. We hypothesize that the availability of a point-of-care decision aid could improve the consistency and accuracy of organ acceptance decision. (05/01/2013 - 04/30/2015)

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  • Individualized CANcer Care (I Can Care): Project 2

    PI: Jennifer J. Griggs, MD, MPH

    It's a challenge to know how much it helps to add systemic therapy (e.g., chemotherapy) to a woman's regimen of breast cancer care. For a woman with a favorable prognosis, chemotherapy may add relatively little benefit - but put her through a great deal of difficulty. Genomic testing can help understand who may benefit from chemotherapy and how it impacts the risk of recurrence. (07/01/2012 - 06/30/2017)

  • Advanced Directives Among Patients With Lung Cancer

    PI: Scott D. Halpern, MD, PhD

    The goal of this study is to determine if Advanced Directives (ADs) are completed more frequently when the rationale for doing so is communicated as a means to reducing surrogate decision-making burdens, rather than as a means of promoting patient autonomy. (09/01/2011 - 08/31/2012)