Keyword: "other"

40 items were found with the keyword "other".

  • LowSalt4Life

    PI: Mike Dorsch , Scott Hummel MD MS

    High dietary sodium intake is linked to incident hypertension, stroke, heart failure and kidney disease. U.S. federal guidelines advocate daily sodium intake of less than 2,300 milligrams (mg) with further reduction to 1,500 mg in persons who are 51 and older and those of any age who are African American and/or have hypertension, diabetes, or chronic kidney disease. The estimated average sodium intake for Americans is 3,400 mg per day. In recent years, consumption of pre-processed and restaurant foods has substantially increased, and more than 75% of sodium in the average U.S. diet now comes from these sources. The important gap is that most patients prescribed a low sodium diet either do not understand or have information about the sodium content of the foods they eat, and current IT approaches to reduce sodium intake focus solely on counting the amount of dietary sodium eaten. Therefore, there is a critical need to develop technologies that provide just-in-time information about low sodium choices in both grocery stores and restaurants with an overall goal to improve the ability to reduce dietary sodium intake. LowSalt4Life is an app designed to provide education, assistance, and support to people who are trying to reduce their sodium intake. It includes actionable push messages to promote adherence to a low sodium diet, and was developed using information derived from focus groups. The goal is to demonstrate the effectiveness of the mobile application in reducing sodium intake in participants with hypertension.   (08/01/2016 - 08/01/2019)

  • MiMove: Knee Rehabilitation

    New

    PI: Cathleen M. Connell, PhD , Susan A. Murphy, PhD , Maratt

    MiMove: optimizing the transition to home after knee replacement surgery.  (05/01/2016 - 12/31/2016)

  • Urinary Incontinence

    New

    PI: Janis M. Miller, PhD, RN, APRN, FAAN

    Details coming soon! (10/01/2015 - 09/30/2016)

  • Bauermeister-SexLab/Care Services for YMSM

    New

    PI: Jose Bauermeister, PhD, MPH

    Details coming soon! (06/01/2015 - 11/30/2016)

  • Supporting Decision about Health Insurance to Improve Care for the Uninsured

    New

    PI: Mary C. Politi, PhD

    The uninsured are disproportionately low-income and are more likely to suffer from untreated or poorly-managed chronic health conditions.  Yet making an informed choice is challenging for individuals with little prior experience with this task and for those with limited health literacy and numeracy skills. Most individuals fall in the low-to-middle end of the health insurance literacy spectrum, and only 24% of uninsured individuals are confident that they understand health insurance concepts and terms. Without understanding insurance information, individuals are unlikely to make an informed choice that allows them to pay for care to manage and improve their health. The project was supported by the National Institute on Minority Health and Disparities of the National Institute of Health under award number: R01MD008808. (09/24/2014 - 05/31/2017)

  • Michigan Weight Management Program

    New

    PI: Amy E. Rothberg, MD

    Details coming soon! (09/01/2014 - 08/31/2017)

  • Educational materials for patients with gout

    New

    PI: Puja P. Khanna, MD, MPH , Dinesh Khanna, MD, MS

    The goal of this project is to develop an online education program that provides patients with information about what gout is and how it can become a chronic issue.  This online tool is meant to provide patients with educational information on how to manage their gout without it becoming a chronic condition. The website is designed to allow the patient fun and interesting ways to learn about gout and help them prepare for a visit with their doctor. (04/01/2014 - 10/31/2014)

  • Dizztinct - Dizziness Treatment for Patients

    New

    PI: Kevin A. Kerber, MD

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral vestibular disorder and causes disabling symptoms. BPPV produces a sensation of spinning called vertigo that is both paroxysmal and positional, meaning it occurs suddenly and with a change in head position. The disorder stems from free-floating particles that enter a semi-circular canal ("canaliths") of the inner ear. BPPV is diagnosed using a simple and reliable positional test, the Dix-Hallpike test (DHT). The treatment, the Canalith Repositioning Maneuver (CRM), is performed in minutes at the bedside. With these processes, patients can be readily identified and treated at the bedside, quickly and without expensive tests. Yet, these guideline-supported evidence-based practices are substantially underutilized. This project aims to implement these processes in a real world care setting, through a multi-faceted implementation strategy. The project has the potential to simultaneously improve patient outcomes and healthcare efficiencies. (08/01/2013 - 07/31/2017)

  • Families Improving Together (FIT) For Weight Loss

    PI: Dawn K. Wilson, PhD

    The increasing rate of obesity has become a major public health concern in the United States. Recent reports indicate that 40% of African American adolescents are considered overweight or obese. Although effective lifestyle approaches for weight loss have been demonstrated in Caucasian youth, little is known about effective weight loss interventions in ethnic minority adolescents. In part, this is because research has shown that ethnic minorities attend fewer intervention sessions, have higher attrition rates and lose less weight compared to Caucasians. Two fundamental problems related to this lack of progress are addressed in this proposal and include 1) the lack of appropriate content of weight loss interventions for African American adolescents that integrate cultural issues, parenting skills, and motivational strategies for increasing long-term change and, 2) the poor dose of weight loss interventions because of participant fatigue, drop out and barriers faced by underserved families. The goal of this project is to conduct a randomized controlled efficacy trial to address the problems with past intervention studies by 1) making the face-to-face group intervention shorter, 2) using an on-line program to compliment the group-based intervention for increasing dose, and by 3) tailoring a motivational and parenting skills program directly to parents' and adolescents' skill levels and cultural background. (07/16/2013 - 06/30/2018)

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  • Get Connected: STD prevention among young men who use the e-technologies (phones, websites) to meet partners

    PI: Jose Bauermeister, PhD, MPH

    This study builds on the Project Connect Health Systems Intervention, adapting and piloting an online intervention (CONNECT-YM) that increases YMSM's HIV/STI awareness, and helps them identify culturally-competent sexual health providers where they may test for HIV/STIs. (01/02/2013 - 09/29/2013)

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  • New

    PI: Antonia M. Villarruel, PhD, RN FAAN

    This project builds off a previous intervention developed by Dr. Villaruel that is designed to teach parents how to talk to their teenagers about safer sex and preventing HIV and STIs. CHCR is providing consultation about how to make the existing program more interactive for the participants. (12/01/2012 - 11/30/2017)

  • iNSider

    PI: Debbie S. Gipson, MD, MS

    The overarching goal of this study is to strengthen our understanding of the patient and physician perspective of nephrotic syndrome, therapy, prognosis, and factors influencing disease management and to use the information generated from stakeholder engagement to inform the creation of a shared-learning online decision support tool. (10/11/2012 - 12/31/2014)

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  • Re-CHAT

    PI: Susan D. Goold, MD, MHSA, MA

    This community-based participatory research collaboration seeks to develop and evaluate a meaningful mechanism for engaging the public, particularly minority and underserved communities, in informed deliberations about patient centered outcomes research priorities. Results of those deliberations and the tool itself could enable funders, scientists and communities to incorporate public input in research funding allocation decisions. (10/11/2012 - 07/31/2014)

  • SafER Teens

    PI: Maureen A. Walton, MPH, PhD , Rebecca M. Cunningham, MD

    The urban emergency department (ED) represents an underutilized venue for delivering violence interventions among adolescents. In the United States, there are over 100 million ED visits each year, of which at least 3 million are the result of violence. A recent study (the SafERteens Study) demonstrated the efficacy of an ED-based BI for violence on changing attitudes, self-efficacy, and reducing violent behaviors, peer victimization, and violence related consequences. From a public health standpoint, however, in order to reduce violence on a broader scale studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of the SafERteens behavioral intervention (BI) when delivered by clinical staff in real world ED settings. This study is designed to translate this efficacious BI for violence into a practical prevention program incorporated into ED clinical practice; with ED staff conducting the screening and BI. Specifically, we will determine the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance of the SafERteens BI in two diverse and novel ED settings: Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta (GMH). (09/01/2012 - 08/31/2017)

  • An Innovative Caregiver Tool to Assess and Manage Behavioral Symptoms of Dementia

    PI: Helen C. Kales, MD, PPA , Laura N. Gitlin, PhD

    WeCare is a novel tool with the potential to significantly improve quality of life for families by changing how one of the most pernicious and challenging aspects of the disease of dementia, behavioral symptoms, are monitored and managed at home.  This proposal addresses the public health imperative to enhance dementia care supported by the recently passed National Alzheimer�s Plan Act, and the World Health Organization�s 2012 report on dementia that urged nations to develop a better standard of care for this devastating illness. (09/01/2012 - 05/31/2016)

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  • Puff City ED

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    The objective of the proposed project is to evaluate the feasibility of initiating Puff City in an urban Emergency Department (ED) setting. This proposal will inform a future randomized trial to test the ability of an ED-initiated version of Puff City to reduce the risk of future exacerbations, symptom frequency, and functional limitations among urban adolescents presenting to the ED with asthma. (08/15/2012 - 05/31/2013)

  • Puff City Clinic

    PI: Mei Lu, PhD

    Asthma continues to be a major public health problem in the US with high economic and social costs. Vulnerable ethnic communities are disproportionately affected by asthma as demonstrated by higher morbidity and mortality for these groups. These disparities are especially true in urban teens. We have completed two school-based, randomized trials of a web-based, computer-tailored asthma management intervention that targets urban teens (Puff City). Results showed reductions in self report of symptoms and activity limitations. Puff City has not yet been evaluated as a clinical tool or one that is initiated in a clinical setting. The current paradigm for conducting such a trial is costly with respect to patient recruitment, intervention delivery, and data collection and management.Electronic initiatives such as remote data capture (RDC) for data collection and utilization of patient electronic medical records (EMR) are revolutionizing the conduct of clinical trials. Comparative effectiveness methods (CEMs), adaptive designs and pragmatic trials, are recommended to enhance trial efficiency and to study real-world effectiveness. The objective of this project is 1) to implement a seamless clinical trial lifecycle through electronic initiatives and ii) to design and conduct a phase II/III randomization trial using both CEMs and EMR-RDC integration to evaluate Puff City in teens in a clinical setting. (08/15/2012 - 05/31/2014)

  • Mobile Dad: A technology application to enhance father engagement

    PI: Shawna J. Lee, PhD

    Our long-term goal is wide-scale dissemination of a mobile application that is highly usable within the USAF context and is tailored to USAF fathers of young children. We use the term “father” in the broadest definition to include biological, adoptive, and step-fathers as well as father surrogates. The objective of this proposal is to provide a demonstration that a smartphone-based approach with a sound conceptual base and documented effectiveness can be adapted to the specific needs of USAF fathers. The rationale for this proposal is that a smartphone application, called Mobile Dad Baby Book (or Mobile Dad for short), is responsive to mobility demands faced by USAF personnel. Further, it provides a highly cost-effective method for delivering parenting support for all fathers within the USAF context whether they are active duty USAF or non-USAF personnel acting as a caregiver while their USAF spouse/ partner is deployed. (07/01/2012 - 05/08/2014)

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  • Advanced Directives Among Patients With Lung Cancer

    PI: Scott D. Halpern, MD, PhD

    The goal of this study is to determine if Advanced Directives (ADs) are completed more frequently when the rationale for doing so is communicated as a means to reducing surrogate decision-making burdens, rather than as a means of promoting patient autonomy. (09/01/2011 - 08/31/2012)

  • DECIDERS

    PI: Susan D. Goold, MD, MHSA, MA

    Deliberative Engagement Community in Decisions about Research Spending (DECIDERS) study will develop and evaluate a mechanism to engage communities, particularly minority and underserved communities, in informed deliberations about health research spending priorities. (09/01/2011 - 07/31/2016)

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  • Take the Pledge: Organ Donation

    PI: Ann Andrews, MPH

    Take the Pledge rigorously evaluates the efficacy of a novel intervention in alumni (or graduate) chapters of African American sororities and fraternities in Michigan to increase organ and tissue donation, as assessed by registration in the Michigan Organ Donor Registry. (09/01/2010 - 08/31/2012)

  • THISN

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    THISN (Tailored Health Information in Social Networks) is a collaborative effort with CHCR and CDC's National Center for Public Health Informatics to conceive, design, and develop a prototype application testing the viability of using tailoring technology in a web-based social networking context (e.g., MySpace, Facebook). (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2009)

  • Tailoring Technology Core (CECCR1 and CECCR2)

    PI: Edward W. Saunders, MS

    The primary purpose of the Tailoring Technology Core (TTC) is to design, develop, pretest, and implement the tailored intervention systems required for all CECCR Research and Developmental Projects. Consolidating these task into a central core offers several advantages. First, the TTC organizes resources for more cost-effective production of tailored interventions for each of the Projects. TTC programmers use a common robust tailoring system for all Projects. Instead of building each Project’s interventions individually, from the ground up, TTC builds each one from an existing foundation that has been refined over several years, and then adds the appropriate assessments and content, modifies tailoring algorithms, and applies any special features.Second, the multidisciplinary organization of personnel within the TTC allows us to more efficiently explore new directions in advanced communications technologies. The close interaction of a broad set of expertise allows us to generate more relevant, robust tools for tailored health interventions. This synergy is demonstrated by the Center’s development of a re-usable tailoring system for both web- and print-based health interventions. Developed and enhanced over the last decade, this system embodies our significant experience conducting cancer prevention and control research applied to an extremely wide range of populations, settings, health topics, and advanced communications technologies.Third, Projects benefit from standard technologies, as well as active sharing of knowledge from a variety of disciplines and perspectives. For example, Tailoring Core members, working on all three Projects, identify best practices in tailoring algorithms used in one Project and suggest these practices to other investigators. Similarly, content and theoretical applications used in one Project are applied by the same behavior science staff in the Tailoring Core to other Projects. Specifically, it allows the use of common assessments, theoretical message composition, and graphics as empirical knowledge is gained. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Social & Cognitive Neuroscience Core (CECCR2)

    PI: Thad A. Polk, PhD

    Ultimately, the goal of CECCR2 aims to understand why and how communication affects health-related behavior and decision making. Specifically, we want to know how tailoring communication by specific individual characteristics influences subsequent health behaviors. For example:How does tailoring a message about smoking influence smokers’ subsequent decisions about quitting? How does tailoring a message about colorectal cancer affect people’s willingness to get screened? How does tailoring information about prostate cancer affect patients’ subsequent conversations with their physicians about their treatment preference? A significant obstacle to answering these kinds of questions is that health-related decisions can have many different causes; and these causes can be difficult to disentangle using purely behavioral measures. We therefore want to incorporate measures that begin to address the underlying neural and cognitive mechanisms that give rise to the observed behaviors. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Biostatistics and Measurement Core (CECCR1 and CECCR2)

    PI: Roderick J. A. Little, PhD

    The development and evaluation of effective behavioral interventions depends on valid, reliable measurements, efficient statistical design and data collection methods, and appropriate data analysis techniques. Accordingly, biostatisticians continue to play a pivotal role in research conducted by the CECCR2. Key personnel include Dr. Rod Little, Dr. Vijay Nair and Dr. Mick Couper. Each are senior and highly-respected statisticians and methodologists, who played active roles in the CECCR1 and continue to be actively involved in developing testable specific aims and appropriate statistical design and analysis for the Projects in CECCR2. All are already well versed in the complex statistical issues associated with developing effective tailored health interventions, such as fractional factorial designs, data imputation, and mixed models with random effects. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Tools for Being a Helpful Peer Partner - DVD

    PI: M. E. Michele Heisler, MD, MPA

    This DVD is one portion of a larger study (Mobilizing Peer Support for Effective Heart Failure Self-Management) being conducted by Dr. Michele Heisler. The goal of the DVD is to teach people with congestive heart failure how to support each other in managing their illness via phone calls to each other. The DVD describes and models Motivational Interviewing (MI) style communication skills for peer-to-peer communications. The DVD explains the basics of MI style communications and provides numerous examples of peer-to-peer conversations that use MI techniques. (11/01/2006 - 10/30/2007)

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  • Web Scatter

    PI: Suresh K. Bhavnani, PhD

    Many users find it difficult to find comprehensive health information because the information, even for narrowly well-defined topics, is highly scattered across websites with no page or site containing all the relevant information. This study enables us to: (1) deepen our understanding of why users find it difficult to find comprehensive information about healthcare topics, and (2) provide explicit guidelines for how pages in healthcare websites should be linked to enable users to easily navigate through the site, with the ultimate goal of facilitating the process of finding comprehensive information. (02/01/2005 - 08/31/2005)

  • REACH

    PI: Susan D. Goold, MD, MHSA, MA

    REACH is a variation of the existing CHAT software CD to make the simulation survey cover a broader range of benefit options beyond health care. (01/01/2005 - 02/28/2005)

  • CHCR Photobrowser

    PI: Edward W. Saunders, MS

    The Center for Health Communications Research offers the CHCR Photobrowser (http://chcr.umich.edu/photobrowser/), allowing easy access to 1,860 high quality digital photographs. The Center is offering free use of this library for non-commercial research. (09/01/2003 - present)

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  • Web Filtering

    PI: Paul J. Resnick, PhD

    This project provides a careful empirical assessment of the extent to which access to health information is impeded or aided by commercial Internet filters as commonly configured in homes, schools, and libraries. (01/01/2002 - 12/31/2002)

  • Hearing Disorders

    PI: Philip Zazove, MD

    This project aims to adapt an existing interactive multimedia program on cancer prevention for a deaf and hard of hearing audience and evaluate changes in knowledge among 400 profoundly deaf individuals. (09/01/2000 - 08/31/2002)

  • All About You

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The All About You is a comprehensive health risk appraisal and tailored booklet for patients of the University of Michigan M-CARE health maintenance organization. (05/01/1997 - 04/30/1998)

  • The Childhood Bicycle Helmet Safety Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The goal of this project is to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how to buy a good bicycle helmet and use it properly. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • Quit for Keeps

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The Quit for Keeps project (part of a cluster of ten projects called Smoke-Free Families) is a study designed to test the efficacy of using custom-tailored messages in convincing pregnant women to quit smoking. (11/01/1995 - 10/31/1998)

  • HomeFront Strong: Building Resiliency in Military Families

    PI: Michelle R. Kees, PhD

    Military families have long been the pillars of strength, yet the tempo of deployment over the past 10 years has taken a toll. Nearly 40% of military spouses experience psychological symptoms related to deployment, yet few evidence-based programs are available to support spouses. This gap between high need and limited services is heightened in states that are primarily Reserve Component and lack a local military installation. The project aims to improve the psychological health of military families residing in civilian communities by developing supplemental mobile-accessible materials for HomeFront Strong (HFS), a promising evidence-based psychological health intervention for military spouses and children.

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