Keyword: "computer"

48 items were found with the keyword "computer".

  • Bauermeister-SexLab/Care Services for YMSM

    New

    PI: Jose Bauermeister, PhD, MPH

    Details coming soon! (06/01/2015 - 11/30/2016)

  • My GI Health V1.5

    New

    PI: William D. Chey, MD

    MyGIhealth V1.5 is an extension of My GI Health. The overview, aims, participants, and intervention, therefore, are identical to My GI Health. Version 1.5 expands the scope of the educational materials to include three new gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses: nausea/vomiting, bowel incontinence, and difficulty swallowing.  (01/01/2014 - 12/30/2014)

  • Dizztinct - Dizziness Treatment for Patients

    New

    PI: Kevin A. Kerber, MD

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral vestibular disorder and causes disabling symptoms. BPPV produces a sensation of spinning called vertigo that is both paroxysmal and positional, meaning it occurs suddenly and with a change in head position. The disorder stems from free-floating particles that enter a semi-circular canal ("canaliths") of the inner ear. BPPV is diagnosed using a simple and reliable positional test, the Dix-Hallpike test (DHT). The treatment, the Canalith Repositioning Maneuver (CRM), is performed in minutes at the bedside. With these processes, patients can be readily identified and treated at the bedside, quickly and without expensive tests. Yet, these guideline-supported evidence-based practices are substantially underutilized. This project aims to implement these processes in a real world care setting, through a multi-faceted implementation strategy. The project has the potential to simultaneously improve patient outcomes and healthcare efficiencies. (08/01/2013 - 07/31/2017)

  • My Mobile Advice Program (MyMAP)

    PI: Jennifer B. McClure, PhD

    Smoking is a leading cause of death in the US, killing more than 440,000 people a year. While effective treatments exist, their impact is significantly reduced by poor treatment adherence, particularly to pharmacotherapy. One way to improve the effectiveness of existing pharmacotherapy and to help more people stop smoking is to enhance treatment adherence. The current study develops and pilot tests a prototype My Mobile Advice Program (MyMAP). MyMAP is designed to a) provide real-time, algorithm-driven, personalized guidance to smokers' regarding how to manage common, non-serious, bothersome medication side-effects and nicotine withdrawal symptoms, b) provide patients with timely, individually-tailored, supportive encouragement to enhance their motivation for quitting and promote better adherence to their prescribed treatment regimen; c) alert providers to potentially serious adverse events or persistent bothersome symptoms that warrant timely medical intervention; and d) provide patients and providers 24/7 access to relevant educational and behavioral self-help information that can either be viewed online (via computer or smart phone) or printed for reference. Through this comprehensive web-based intervention, we hypothesize that MyMAP will promote treatment adherence, thereby ultimately improving cessation rates and treatment cost-effectiveness. Given the popularity, high frequency of bothersome, non-serious medication side-effects, and increased monitoring demands for varenicline use, the pilot prototype is designed to support varenicline pharmacotherapy, but if the proposed intervention strategy proves promising, MyMAP will be expanded to support nicotine replacement and bupropion use in the future. (07/01/2013 - 06/30/2015)

  • Liver Transplant Organ Offer Tool

    PI: Michael L. Volk, MD, MSc, AGAF

    Each time an organ comes along, the physician and potential recipient must decide whether to accept that offer or wait in hopes that a better one will come along.  This decision is a high-risk one, as the wrong choice could mean death for the patient.  It is also a complex one.  Physicians must incorporate multiple donor factors, recipient factors, and donor-recipient interactions, as well as the local magnitude of organ shortage and various technical and logistical concerns.  In a series of studies, we have shown that decisions about organ quality vary widely by transplant center, are inconsistent with the available evidence, and are susceptible to cognitive biases and external forces such as policy changes and competition between centers. Thus, this process of decision-making could stand to be improved. We hypothesize that the availability of a point-of-care decision aid could improve the consistency and accuracy of organ acceptance decision. (05/01/2013 - 04/30/2015)

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  • Re-CHAT

    PI: Susan D. Goold, MD, MHSA, MA

    This community-based participatory research collaboration seeks to develop and evaluate a meaningful mechanism for engaging the public, particularly minority and underserved communities, in informed deliberations about patient centered outcomes research priorities. Results of those deliberations and the tool itself could enable funders, scientists and communities to incorporate public input in research funding allocation decisions. (10/11/2012 - 07/31/2014)

  • SafER Teens

    PI: Maureen A. Walton, MPH, PhD , Rebecca M. Cunningham, MD

    The urban emergency department (ED) represents an underutilized venue for delivering violence interventions among adolescents. In the United States, there are over 100 million ED visits each year, of which at least 3 million are the result of violence. A recent study (the SafERteens Study) demonstrated the efficacy of an ED-based BI for violence on changing attitudes, self-efficacy, and reducing violent behaviors, peer victimization, and violence related consequences. From a public health standpoint, however, in order to reduce violence on a broader scale studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of the SafERteens behavioral intervention (BI) when delivered by clinical staff in real world ED settings. This study is designed to translate this efficacious BI for violence into a practical prevention program incorporated into ED clinical practice; with ED staff conducting the screening and BI. Specifically, we will determine the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance of the SafERteens BI in two diverse and novel ED settings: Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta (GMH). (09/01/2012 - 08/31/2017)

  • My GI Health

    PI: William D. Chey, MD , Brennan Spiegel, MD, MSHS

    Gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses are highly prevalent and expensive conditions. The goal is to develop and validate an evidence-based tool to assist clinicians in diagnosing, educating, and managing GI patients within the context of everyday practice. The MyGIhealth platform includes a new GI review of systems questionnaire that is administered through electronic portals (including personal computers and tablet devices) to collect, categorize, and interpret GI symptoms in a uniform and clinically useful manner. MyGIhealth is designed for use within everyday practice to help clinicians perform assessments and provide tailored feedback to their GI patients. (11/01/2011 - 10/31/2014)

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  • DECIDERS

    PI: Susan D. Goold, MD, MHSA, MA

    Deliberative Engagement Community in Decisions about Research Spending (DECIDERS) study will develop and evaluate a mechanism to engage communities, particularly minority and underserved communities, in informed deliberations about health research spending priorities. (09/01/2011 - 07/31/2016)

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  • Neural predictors of synergy between self-affirmation and message tailoring

    PI: Emily B. Falk, PhD

    We propose self-affirmation as a theory driven intervention to improve self-efficacy for physical activity in sedentary, overweight adults. In particular, we hypothesize that self-affirmation manipulations that focus on a participant’s strengths, delivered prior to exposure to a targeted health communication, will reduce defensive processing of messages (e.g. counter arguing), increase self-efficacy to perform the target health behavior, and may lead to increased behavior change, compared to a non-affirmation control. (09/01/2011 - 08/31/2012)

  • VA Cardiovascular Tool

    PI: Rodney A. Hayward, MD

    It is critically important to develop effective technological tools for Veterans to improve their understanding of and capacity to be actively involved in shared decision making about key health issues. It is also critical to make sure both the patients� and the clinicians� decisions are informed decisions. (01/01/2011 - 09/30/2011)

  • Liver Quality Decision Aid

    PI: Michael L. Volk, MD, MSc, AGAF

    Organs available for transplantation are of varying quality. Patients awaiting transplant need to balance the risk of taking a lower quality organ to keep them alive versus the risk of dying while waiting for a transplant. This decision aid includes an exercise to help people decide the level of quality they might be willing to accept, given their specific risk of death in the next 3 months. (02/01/2010 - 12/31/2014)

  • Vax Facts

    PI: Amanda F. Dempsey, MD, PhD, MPH

    Vax Facts offers a tailored brochure to address parents' concerns about HPV vaccines. The intervention draws on our previous data on reasons parents decline HPV vaccines for their daughters. This data is used to develop questions and responses that elicit and address parental beliefs that hinder HPV vaccine series initiation. Intervention messages are tailored to address these beliefs and concerns. (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)

  • Tailoring Technology Core (CECCR1 and CECCR2)

    PI: Edward W. Saunders, MS

    The primary purpose of the Tailoring Technology Core (TTC) is to design, develop, pretest, and implement the tailored intervention systems required for all CECCR Research and Developmental Projects. Consolidating these task into a central core offers several advantages. First, the TTC organizes resources for more cost-effective production of tailored interventions for each of the Projects. TTC programmers use a common robust tailoring system for all Projects. Instead of building each Project’s interventions individually, from the ground up, TTC builds each one from an existing foundation that has been refined over several years, and then adds the appropriate assessments and content, modifies tailoring algorithms, and applies any special features.Second, the multidisciplinary organization of personnel within the TTC allows us to more efficiently explore new directions in advanced communications technologies. The close interaction of a broad set of expertise allows us to generate more relevant, robust tools for tailored health interventions. This synergy is demonstrated by the Center’s development of a re-usable tailoring system for both web- and print-based health interventions. Developed and enhanced over the last decade, this system embodies our significant experience conducting cancer prevention and control research applied to an extremely wide range of populations, settings, health topics, and advanced communications technologies.Third, Projects benefit from standard technologies, as well as active sharing of knowledge from a variety of disciplines and perspectives. For example, Tailoring Core members, working on all three Projects, identify best practices in tailoring algorithms used in one Project and suggest these practices to other investigators. Similarly, content and theoretical applications used in one Project are applied by the same behavior science staff in the Tailoring Core to other Projects. Specifically, it allows the use of common assessments, theoretical message composition, and graphics as empirical knowledge is gained. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Social & Cognitive Neuroscience Core (CECCR2)

    PI: Thad A. Polk, PhD

    Ultimately, the goal of CECCR2 aims to understand why and how communication affects health-related behavior and decision making. Specifically, we want to know how tailoring communication by specific individual characteristics influences subsequent health behaviors. For example:How does tailoring a message about smoking influence smokers’ subsequent decisions about quitting? How does tailoring a message about colorectal cancer affect people’s willingness to get screened? How does tailoring information about prostate cancer affect patients’ subsequent conversations with their physicians about their treatment preference? A significant obstacle to answering these kinds of questions is that health-related decisions can have many different causes; and these causes can be difficult to disentangle using purely behavioral measures. We therefore want to incorporate measures that begin to address the underlying neural and cognitive mechanisms that give rise to the observed behaviors. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Decider Guider - VA

    PI: Sarah T. Hawley, PhD, MPH

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent cancer in the U.S. Dept. of Veteran Affairs (VA) and the second most costly cancer. This study aims to increase the number of VA patients who complete a CRC screening. It integrates an innovative and flexible preference elicitation methodology, conjoint analysis, into a decision tool to help VA patients clarify their preferences for characteristics of CRC screening tests. (07/01/2008 - 03/31/2012)

  • Neural Bases of Effectiveness of Individually Tailored Smoking Cessation Messages

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    Study 1 explores the self-relevance dimension of message tailoring while Study 2 focuses on the adaptation of content from message tailoring. Each study has two phases: the first phase demonstrates neural substrate activation associated with specific aspects of tailored messages (fMRI); the second phase explores smoking cessation associated with brain region activations found in the first phase of the study. (09/20/2007 - 08/31/2011)

  • Eye Tracking Tailored Photos

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    This study explores the effects images have on the amount of time spent reading text that is shown alongside images. Specifically, the project examines the time a smoker spends reading 3 brief testimonials, as well as the time spent looking at the images shown alongside the testimonials. (09/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

  • Procure

    PI: John T. Wei, MD, MS

    Procure tests the feasibility of using an electronic Quality of Life (QOL) survey to gather data from patients that is easily accessible and useable by health care providers in understanding more about their patients. The data gathered in this pilot study help support analyses comparing electronic to paper survey feasibility. (07/01/2006 - 06/30/2012)

  • Health Communications Core

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    The Health Communications Core (HCC) supports the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center (UMCCC) through: Assisting with a communications and technological analysis of UMCCC investigators’ intervention, recruitment, and/or retention needs. Working with UMCCC investigators to design, develop, deploy, and maintain high-quality print-, hand-held device, web-based, or other relevant communications channels and strategies. (06/01/2006 - 05/31/2017)

  • CSATS

    PI: Masahito Jimbo, MD, PhD, MPH

    Cancer Screening Adherence through Technology-Enhanced Shared Decision Making (CSATS) is a tailored behavioral intervention to improve patient adherence to colorectal cancer screening (CRC). CSATS links a computerized screening prompt/reminder system with a tailored behavioral intervention. The intervention combines a screening decision aid with a risk assessment. Upon completion of the intervention, a recommendation is provided to both patient and physician to enhance shared decision making between the two. (01/02/2006 - 08/31/2007)

  • CECCR - Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions that is generalizable across health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Guide to Decide

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH , Angela Fagerlin, PhD , Peter A. Ubel, MD

    Guide to Decide uses a multi-phased experimental process to explore methods of communicating risk regarding tamoxifen or raloxifene prophylaxis to women at high risk for breast cancer. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • High School ASHES

    PI: Unto E. Pallonen, PhD

    High School ASHES is a comprehensive tailored web-based smoking intervention for high school students. It accelerates smoking cessation among smokers and reinforces prevention decisions among non-smoking teens by tailoring the content of the intervention according to the user's readiness for change. (11/01/2002 - 01/18/2003)

  • ASHES

    PI: Unto E. Pallonen, PhD

    This project strengthens and improves an existing tailored interactive Internet-based multimedia self-help expert system smoking intervention (Adolescent Smoking Health Education Source - ASHES) and evaluates its effectiveness in a large school-based trial among middle school students in grades 6, 7 and 8. (10/01/2002 - 09/30/2004)

  • Web Filtering

    PI: Paul J. Resnick, PhD

    This project provides a careful empirical assessment of the extent to which access to health information is impeded or aided by commercial Internet filters as commonly configured in homes, schools, and libraries. (01/01/2002 - 12/31/2002)

  • Oral Health & Tobacco Cessation

    PI: Amid I. Ismail, BDS, MPH, MBA, DrPH

    This project aims to develop a tailored behavior change expert system intervention to promote and maintain good oral health and prevent oral diseases among low-income area children and their caregivers. (09/01/2001 - 06/30/2002)

  • Girls on the Move

    PI: Nola J. Pender, PhD, RN, FAAN

    Girls on the Move is a computer-based interactive physical activity program used in school-based clinics as a counseling tool about exercise among adolescent girls. (05/01/2001 - 04/30/2002)

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  • eCHAT

    PI: Susan D. Goold, MD, MHSA, MA

    eCHAT is a CD-ROM-based version of CHAT, a game designed to help ordinary people better understand health insurance and help health insurance policy-makers better understand the health care wishes of ordinary people. (02/01/2001 - 06/30/2002)

  • Hearing Disorders

    PI: Philip Zazove, MD

    This project aims to adapt an existing interactive multimedia program on cancer prevention for a deaf and hard of hearing audience and evaluate changes in knowledge among 400 profoundly deaf individuals. (09/01/2000 - 08/31/2002)

  • Interactive CHAT Prototype

    PI: Susan D. Goold, MD, MHSA, MA

    Develop a prototype to adapt an existing physical game board for understanding and choosing benefits of a health care plan to an electronic version. CHAT, in its original form, is a game-like exercise designed to help people pick health insurance benefits. CHAT presents the challenge of a full array of possible health care options, but limited resources. The goal of the exercise is to help people better understand health insurance and become more involved in designing group health insurance plans. Throughout the exercise, tradeoffs have to be made between competing needs for limited resources. (07/15/2000 - 01/31/2001)

  • The Heart Attack Alert Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The aim of this project is to create a multimedia intervention for Heart Attack awareness to be deployed as a new channel on the 100 kiosks that are part of the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project. The kiosks are located throughout the State of Michigan. (09/30/1998 - 08/31/1999)

  • The Alzheimer's Awareness Channel

    PI: Cathleen M. Connell, PhD

    This project aims to develop, implement, and evaluate an innovative kiosk-based multimedia educational outreach program to increase knowledge of Alzheimer's disease among the public. (08/01/1998 - 07/31/2002)

  • The Adolescent Alcohol Use Prevention Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Adolescent Alcohol Use is a new channel to be developed for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Demonstration Project. This kiosk channel explores the affects of under aged drinking through interactive video vignettes and a series of other innovative segments. (01/01/1998 - 09/30/1999)

  • The Nutrition Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project aims to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how to make wise food choices and lead a healthier life. (01/01/1997 - 09/30/1998)

  • The STD Prevention Channel: Tips for Teens

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project involves developing a frank, unembarrassed, factual guide to sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention specifically designed for teens. The program is one of the 12 channels developed for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Demonstration Project. (01/01/1997 - 09/30/1998)

  • The Physical Activity Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The goal of this project is to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on ways to make physical activity a regular part of one's life. (01/01/1997 - 09/30/1998)

  • The Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project aims to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how to reduce risk of heart disease and stroke. (01/01/1997 - 09/30/1998)

  • The Cancer Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The goal of this project is to create a cancer risk prevention channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project. The channel includes steps people can take to live a healthy lifestyle and help control cancer risk. (01/01/1997 - 09/30/1998)

  • Health'o'Vision

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Demonstration Project project involves creating and disseminating twelve multimedia health programs.  Collectively known as Health'o'Vision, topics include cancer prevention and screening, disease management, and general health practices to live a healthy life. Channels are created for both adults and adolescents. One hundred kiosks are deployed in a variety of settings throughout the State of Michigan for use by the general public. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/2000)

  • The Childhood Bicycle Helmet Safety Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The goal of this project is to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how to buy a good bicycle helmet and use it properly. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • The Breast Cancer Screening Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project aims to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how to assess personal risk of breast cancer and how to detect breast cancer early. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • The Smoking Cessation and Prevention Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project aims to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how smoking affects you and your family, and the benefits of quitting. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • The Childhood Immunization Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The goal of this project is to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on why it is important to immunize children, which immunizations are needed, and when to immunize. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • The Prostate Cancer Screening Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project aims to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on prostate cancer symptoms, testing, and treatment options. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • Quit for Keeps

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The Quit for Keeps project (part of a cluster of ten projects called Smoke-Free Families) is a study designed to test the efficacy of using custom-tailored messages in convincing pregnant women to quit smoking. (11/01/1995 - 10/31/1998)