Keyword: "motivational interviewing"

18 items were found with the keyword "motivational interviewing".

  • Technologically Enhanced Coaching (TEC): A Program for Improving Diabetes Outcomes

    New

    PI: M. E. Michele Heisler, MD, MPA

    Peer mentoring and support models have been found in two recent VA RCTs to be more effective than usual care, financial incentives, and usual nurse care management to improve glycemic control in high-risk veteran patients with poor glycemic control. While peer supporters and coaches can be trained in effective behavioral approaches to support other veteransí self-management behaviors, such supporters necessarily lack content expertise to help veterans better share in treatment decisions and goal-setting with their health care providers. Accordingly, in an AHRQ-supported RCT we developed and tested tailored, interactive tools with diabetes and medication information embedded in the tool software that peer coaches and other outreach workers can employ to facilitate discussions with patients. Such tools could enhance the sustainability and effectiveness of coaching programs to better prepare patients to set self-management goals, action plans, and to discuss treatment options with their health care providers. (09/01/2013 - 08/31/2017)

  • SafER Teens

    PI: Maureen A. Walton, MPH, PhD , Rebecca M. Cunningham, MD

    The urban emergency department (ED) represents an underutilized venue for delivering violence interventions among adolescents. In the United States, there are over 100 million ED visits each year, of which at least 3 million are the result of violence. A recent study (the SafERteens Study) demonstrated the efficacy of an ED-based BI for violence on changing attitudes, self-efficacy, and reducing violent behaviors, peer victimization, and violence related consequences. From a public health standpoint, however, in order to reduce violence on a broader scale studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of the SafERteens behavioral intervention (BI) when delivered by clinical staff in real world ED settings. This study is designed to translate this efficacious BI for violence into a practical prevention program incorporated into ED clinical practice; with ED staff conducting the screening and BI. Specifically, we will determine the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance of the SafERteens BI in two diverse and novel ED settings: Childrenís Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta (GMH). (09/01/2012 - 08/31/2017)

  • CanSORT - CancerDoctorsLikeMe

    New

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD , Sarah T. Hawley, PhD, MPH , Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    The goals of the study are to collect pilot data on provider-patient interactions around contralateral prophylactic mastectomy (CPM) for breast cancer surgeons and risk of recurrence for medical oncologists. We used a web intervention to present population-based data and patient-centered communication techniques to doctors.  (07/01/2012 - 08/31/2017)

  • MENU GenY

    PI: Gwen L. Alexander, PhD, MPH

    In support of NIH goals to improve people's health and support a healthy lifestyle, we conduct a randomized trial to evaluate an age-targeted web-based intervention designed to improve the diet of young adults born in or after 1980, known as "Generation Y" (GenY), using relevant features that appeal to this group. The primary outcome is increased fruit and vegetable consumption, increased whole grain consumption, and decreased sweetened beverage consumption. (12/01/2011 - 11/30/2016)

    Related Media:

  • GOAL: Girls Only! Activity for Life

    PI: Lorraine Robbins, PhD, RN, FNP-BC

    This school-based program encourages moderate to vigorous physical activity among middle school girls. During the 17 week intervention period, girls meet with the school nurse for 2 motivational interviewing-based sessions, attend a daily exercise 'club' after school, and receive a tailored program delivered on iPads. (09/01/2011 - 05/31/2016)

    Related Media:

  • Q2: Questions about Quitting

    PI: Jennifer B. McClure, PhD

    About 80% or more of smokers are not sufficiently motivated and ready to quit smoking, even though they may want to quit someday. Interventions are critically needed which can reach these people, enhance their motivation for quitting, promote uptake of existing empirically-validated treatments, and ultimately enhance abstinence rates on a population level. The current study tests the effectiveness of four potentially important tailoring factors (decisional framework, self-efficacy, navigation autonomy, and proactive outreach) to increase motivation to quit. (03/01/2009 - 12/31/2012)

    Related Media:

  • Inside Health

    PI: Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD , Jennifer Elston Lafata, PhD , Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project tests two interventions to increase colorectal cancer screening among African American members of the Henry Ford Health System. Participants are randomized to: Basic Tailoring: A series of newsletters, tailored on age, gender, health history, and prior CRC screening; or Enhanced Tailoring: Basic tailoring PLUS tailoring on screening preferences, ethnic identity, and motivational predisposition. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

    Related Media:

  • Tailoring Technology Core (CECCR1 and CECCR2)

    PI: Edward W. Saunders, MS

    The primary purpose of the Tailoring Technology Core (TTC) is to design, develop, pretest, and implement the tailored intervention systems required for all CECCR Research and Developmental Projects. Consolidating these task into a central core offers several advantages. First, the TTC organizes resources for more cost-effective production of tailored interventions for each of the Projects. TTC programmers use a common robust tailoring system for all Projects. Instead of building each Projectís interventions individually, from the ground up, TTC builds each one from an existing foundation that has been refined over several years, and then adds the appropriate assessments and content, modifies tailoring algorithms, and applies any special features.Second, the multidisciplinary organization of personnel within the TTC allows us to more efficiently explore new directions in advanced communications technologies. The close interaction of a broad set of expertise allows us to generate more relevant, robust tools for tailored health interventions. This synergy is demonstrated by the Centerís development of a re-usable tailoring system for both web- and print-based health interventions. Developed and enhanced over the last decade, this system embodies our significant experience conducting cancer prevention and control research applied to an extremely wide range of populations, settings, health topics, and advanced communications technologies.Third, Projects benefit from standard technologies, as well as active sharing of knowledge from a variety of disciplines and perspectives. For example, Tailoring Core members, working on all three Projects, identify best practices in tailoring algorithms used in one Project and suggest these practices to other investigators. Similarly, content and theoretical applications used in one Project are applied by the same behavior science staff in the Tailoring Core to other Projects. Specifically, it allows the use of common assessments, theoretical message composition, and graphics as empirical knowledge is gained. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • CECCR2 - Center of Excellence In Cancer Communications Research II

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions for many health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • The RealU

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    The RealU is a randomized trial to determine the efficacy of providing: individually tailored web-based messages individually tailored messages plus peer support email and video messages as part of an online program. The topics covered include smoking cessation, alcohol consumption, exercise, and eating breakfast. (09/05/2007 - 05/31/2012)

  • iQuitSmoking

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    This project is a 3-group prospective randomized controlled trial to determine the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of providing access to free nicotine patches, with or without a required linkage to proactive telephone counseling, as adjuncts to a tailored, web-based smoking cessation program. (07/01/2007 - 12/31/2012)

    Related Media:

  • Childhood Obesity MI for Pediatricians

    PI: Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    There remains a compelling need for evidenced-based intervention models to assist primary care practitioners to treat their overweight pediatric patients. This project is an efficacy trial to test two potentially generalizable interventions that address many of the key barriers to obesity counseling in pediatric primary care. (04/01/2007 - 01/31/2013)

  • Puff City II

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    This study builds on the success of Puff City 1 (PC1), an Internet-based, teen-focused asthma management program, and enhances the effects achieved in PC1 in several ways: 1) tests new theory- and empirically-based approaches to recruiting urban high school students, 2) enhances program content to address resistance to change and relapse, and 3) uses PC1 data to create participation and success profiles of the students who can then be differentially approached on the basis of these profiles in Puff City II. (04/01/2007 - 03/31/2012)

    Related Media:

  • BMi2

    PI: Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    BMi2 is a DVD for pediatricians and dietitians that have completed a 2-day intensive motivational interviewing (MI) training session. The DVD is a take-home resource that offers additional practice in the core MI skills of reflective listening, building motivation, and eliciting change talk. In this DVD, the application of MI is used to help prevent and treat pediatric obesity, including nuances of working with parents of young children as well as working directly with older children. (02/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

    Related Media:

  • Tools for Being a Helpful Peer Partner - DVD

    PI: M. E. Michele Heisler, MD, MPA

    This DVD is one portion of a larger study (Mobilizing Peer Support for Effective Heart Failure Self-Management) being conducted by Dr. Michele Heisler. The goal of the DVD is to teach people with congestive heart failure how to support each other in managing their illness via phone calls to each other. The DVD describes and models Motivational Interviewing (MI) style communication skills for peer-to-peer communications. The DVD explains the basics of MI style communications and provides numerous examples of peer-to-peer conversations that use MI techniques. (11/01/2006 - 10/30/2007)

    Related Media:

  • CECCR - Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions that is generalizable across health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Eat for Life

    PI: Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    Eat for Life examines two constructs of tailoring within a print-based fruit and vegetable intervention for African American adults. Study 1 explores the use of motivational predisposition to tailor health behavior content, while Study 2 explores the use of cultural factors and ethnic identity for tailoring its' messages. Both studies use tailored print media, in the form of three 8 to 12 page newsletters, delivered to participants' homes. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Comorbid Psychopathology - Teen Smoking Cessation

    PI: Richard A. Brown, PhD

    Adolescent cigarette smokers have disproportionately high rates of co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders, similar to those found in the adult smoking population. In the absence of intervention, adolescent smokers with co-morbid psychopathology are likely to become highly dependent, recalcitrant adult smokers who have extreme difficulty quitting smoking. The overall objective of this research program is to develop effective smoking cessation approaches for these high risk youth, and to advance the applicant's knowledge of the relationship between psychopathology and smoking cessation within the context of a treatment outcome study. (01/01/1999 - 07/31/1999)