Keyword: "emergency department"

6 items were found with the keyword "emergency department".

  • Visualizing Health

    New

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Patients and the public are being inundated with a flood of health data and being asked to take a greater role in applying this data to make medical decisions regarding their own health. While general guidelines exist for "best practices" in medical risk communication, this work has not always considered the specific communication goals of the risk message or the specific information or practical needs of the patient. The  Communicating Health and Risk Messages (CHARM) project will address the gap in our current knowledge by informing the design of health risk data visualizations  across the full spectrum of risk communication goals. (09/01/2013 - 12/31/2013)

  • Dizztinct - Dizziness Treatment for Patients

    New

    PI: Kevin A. Kerber, MD

    Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common peripheral vestibular disorder and causes disabling symptoms. BPPV produces a sensation of spinning called vertigo that is both paroxysmal and positional, meaning it occurs suddenly and with a change in head position. The disorder stems from free-floating particles that enter a semi-circular canal ("canaliths") of the inner ear. BPPV is diagnosed using a simple and reliable positional test, the Dix-Hallpike test (DHT). The treatment, the Canalith Repositioning Maneuver (CRM), is performed in minutes at the bedside. With these processes, patients can be readily identified and treated at the bedside, quickly and without expensive tests. Yet, these guideline-supported evidence-based practices are substantially underutilized. This project aims to implement these processes in a real world care setting, through a multi-faceted implementation strategy. The project has the potential to simultaneously improve patient outcomes and healthcare efficiencies. (08/01/2013 - 07/31/2017)

  • SafER Teens

    PI: Maureen A. Walton, MPH, PhD , Rebecca M. Cunningham, MD

    The urban emergency department (ED) represents an underutilized venue for delivering violence interventions among adolescents. In the United States, there are over 100 million ED visits each year, of which at least 3 million are the result of violence. A recent study (the SafERteens Study) demonstrated the efficacy of an ED-based BI for violence on changing attitudes, self-efficacy, and reducing violent behaviors, peer victimization, and violence related consequences. From a public health standpoint, however, in order to reduce violence on a broader scale studies are needed to determine the effectiveness of the SafERteens behavioral intervention (BI) when delivered by clinical staff in real world ED settings. This study is designed to translate this efficacious BI for violence into a practical prevention program incorporated into ED clinical practice; with ED staff conducting the screening and BI. Specifically, we will determine the reach, effectiveness, adoption, implementation, and maintenance of the SafERteens BI in two diverse and novel ED settings: Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and Grady Memorial Hospital in Atlanta (GMH). (09/01/2012 - 08/31/2017)

  • Puff City ED

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    The objective of the proposed project is to evaluate the feasibility of initiating Puff City in an urban Emergency Department (ED) setting. This proposal will inform a future randomized trial to test the ability of an ED-initiated version of Puff City to reduce the risk of future exacerbations, symptom frequency, and functional limitations among urban adolescents presenting to the ED with asthma. (08/15/2012 - 05/31/2013)

  • Puff City - OPD Recruitment Trial

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    Puff City is a successful asthma management program for urban teenagers in Detroit high schools. This iteration of Puff City uses a pilot approach to test if Puff City was accessible and feasible in an ED setting. (07/01/2008 - 09/30/2008)

  • Project START

    PI: Frederic C. Blow, PhD

    Project START uses a personal digital assistant-based screening instrument and tailored print materials and tests their effectiveness in reducing alcohol use and alcohol-related problems among injured hazardous drinkers treated in the Emergency Department. (03/01/1998 - 02/28/2003)