Keyword: "smokers"

30 items were found with the keyword "smokers".

  • My Mobile Advice Program (MyMAP)

    PI: Jennifer B. McClure, PhD

    Smoking is a leading cause of death in the US, killing more than 440,000 people a year. While effective treatments exist, their impact is significantly reduced by poor treatment adherence, particularly to pharmacotherapy. One way to improve the effectiveness of existing pharmacotherapy and to help more people stop smoking is to enhance treatment adherence. The current study develops and pilot tests a prototype My Mobile Advice Program (MyMAP). MyMAP is designed to a) provide real-time, algorithm-driven, personalized guidance to smokers' regarding how to manage common, non-serious, bothersome medication side-effects and nicotine withdrawal symptoms, b) provide patients with timely, individually-tailored, supportive encouragement to enhance their motivation for quitting and promote better adherence to their prescribed treatment regimen; c) alert providers to potentially serious adverse events or persistent bothersome symptoms that warrant timely medical intervention; and d) provide patients and providers 24/7 access to relevant educational and behavioral self-help information that can either be viewed online (via computer or smart phone) or printed for reference. Through this comprehensive web-based intervention, we hypothesize that MyMAP will promote treatment adherence, thereby ultimately improving cessation rates and treatment cost-effectiveness. Given the popularity, high frequency of bothersome, non-serious medication side-effects, and increased monitoring demands for varenicline use, the pilot prototype is designed to support varenicline pharmacotherapy, but if the proposed intervention strategy proves promising, MyMAP will be expanded to support nicotine replacement and bupropion use in the future. (07/01/2013 - 06/30/2015)

  • Project Quit Plan Z

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    This project explores the psychological processes underlying how valence of images in anti-smoking advertisements influences uptake and follow through for a smoking cessation program. Specifically, we seek to investigate whether self-affirmation or exposure to different types of images (positive images (e.g. images of health, happiness) or negative images (e.g. images of death, sickness)) are more likely to effectively change attitudes towards smoking and increase motivation to join and complete a smoking cessation program. (01/01/2013 - 12/31/2014)

  • A Pilot Study of Positively Smoke Free on the Web (PSFW) for HIV-infected Smokers

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    The epidemic of cigarette smoking is fueling an alarming rise in lung and other cancers in persons living with HIV. Smokers living with HIV have few, if any, cessation resources available to them that address their particular needs, and HIV care providers have virtually no studies upon which to adopt an evidence based approach to achieving abstinence. The study attempts to address this serious health disparity by harnessing the enormous reach and power of the internet. (09/25/2011 - 09/30/2013)

  • Project Quit - Texas

    PI: Alexandra Loukas, PhD

    The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of a tailored web-based cessation program, an adaptation of Project Quit, for a racially and ethnically diverse sample of young adult smokers from lower SES backgrounds. (04/01/2011 - 03/31/2013)

  • Positively Smoke Free - Phase 2

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    This project aims to develop a Spanish version of online smoking cessation educational materials that are particular or especially relevant to persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) as well as their care providers. (09/01/2009 - 08/31/2010)

  • Q2: Questions about Quitting

    PI: Jennifer B. McClure, PhD

    About 80% or more of smokers are not sufficiently motivated and ready to quit smoking, even though they may want to quit someday. Interventions are critically needed which can reach these people, enhance their motivation for quitting, promote uptake of existing empirically-validated treatments, and ultimately enhance abstinence rates on a population level. The current study tests the effectiveness of four potentially important tailoring factors (decisional framework, self-efficacy, navigation autonomy, and proactive outreach) to increase motivation to quit. (03/01/2009 - 12/31/2012)

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  • CECCR2 - Center of Excellence In Cancer Communications Research II

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions for many health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Positively Smoke Free

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    Positively Smoke Free is a smoking cessation project for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) that takes place in an Infections Disease Clinic in New York City. (06/01/2008 - 08/31/2009)

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  • Neural Bases of Effectiveness of Individually Tailored Smoking Cessation Messages

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    Study 1 explores the self-relevance dimension of message tailoring while Study 2 focuses on the adaptation of content from message tailoring. Each study has two phases: the first phase demonstrates neural substrate activation associated with specific aspects of tailored messages (fMRI); the second phase explores smoking cessation associated with brain region activations found in the first phase of the study. (09/20/2007 - 08/31/2011)

  • The RealU

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    The RealU is a randomized trial to determine the efficacy of providing: individually tailored web-based messages individually tailored messages plus peer support email and video messages as part of an online program. The topics covered include smoking cessation, alcohol consumption, exercise, and eating breakfast. (09/05/2007 - 05/31/2012)

  • Eye Tracking Tailored Photos

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    This study explores the effects images have on the amount of time spent reading text that is shown alongside images. Specifically, the project examines the time a smoker spends reading 3 brief testimonials, as well as the time spent looking at the images shown alongside the testimonials. (09/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

  • iQuitSmoking

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    This project is a 3-group prospective randomized controlled trial to determine the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of providing access to free nicotine patches, with or without a required linkage to proactive telephone counseling, as adjuncts to a tailored, web-based smoking cessation program. (07/01/2007 - 12/31/2012)

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  • Cancer Risk Perceptions: Highlighting Changes and Time in the Picture

    PI: Brian Zikmund-Fisher, PhD

    This study examines the impact of "status-assessing" email messages sent to individuals who decided to quit smoking and chose a date to quit. Participants receive email messages 3 and 5 weeks after their self selected quit dates, asking them to click on a URL link that matches their current smoking status (quit, tried but relapsed, never quit). Participants who click on a link receive information targeted to their current smoking status. (09/01/2006 - 08/31/2008)

  • Cessation Messages & Neural Activation

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    This study explores whether listening to high-tailored smoking cessation messages activates the rostral medial prefrontal region more than listening to linguistically comparable but low-tailored cessation messages. (09/01/2006 - 08/31/2007)

  • CECCR - Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions that is generalizable across health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Forever Free

    PI: Susan A. Murphy, PhD

    This developmental project tests the effects of expert vs user tailoring and rich vs poor graphical treatment in a brief web-based smoking cessation and relapse prevention intervention. The site's content is based on a series of booklets called Forever Free, developed by Dr. Thomas Brandon at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute. The project is an adjunct to Phase I of Project Quit and is offered to Project Quit participants at the end of that study's 6-month follow-up. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2006)

  • Tailoring Depth

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project runs in conjunction with Phase I of Project Quit. While Project Quit focuses on tailoring messages based on a variety of theoretical constructs, this study focuses on tailoring those messages on a deeper level. Depth of tailoring is another potentially active ingredient in tailoring and refers to the level of detail of tailoring and the extent of the connections made among theory-based constructs. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Project Quit

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Project Quit is a web-based program to help individuals who are in the "Preparation Stage" (ready to quit smoking within 30 days) to quit smoking. The overall goal of the study is to identify optimal population-based health communications strategies tailored to specific characteristics of the individual. This project will focus on identifying and specifying active psychosocial and communication components or "factors" of smoking cessation interventions. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • High School ASHES

    PI: Unto E. Pallonen, PhD

    High School ASHES is a comprehensive tailored web-based smoking intervention for high school students. It accelerates smoking cessation among smokers and reinforces prevention decisions among non-smoking teens by tailoring the content of the intervention according to the user's readiness for change. (11/01/2002 - 01/18/2003)

  • Taking on Tobacco in Michigan

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project focuses on creating a website to place, on the web, existing oral health and tobacco cessation information currently available only through printed materials. The goal of the website is to provide health care providers in Michigan with the knowledge and skills necessary to provide good oral health care and tobacco cessation resources. The content is placed on the Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI) website. (10/01/2002 - 01/31/2003)

  • Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI): Kiosk

    PI: Lucille Smith, MEd

    This project aims to develop an innovative, interactive smoking cessation multimedia health education kiosk at several Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI) clinic sites - serving the clients of VODI clinics. (01/02/2001 - 09/30/2002)

  • Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI): CD-ROM

    PI: Lucille Smith, MEd

    This project aims to develop an oral health and tobacco cessation training and education module for primary care providers who provide health care at Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI) clinic sites. The training and education module is available via CD-ROM to the providers. (10/01/2000 - 09/30/2001)

  • Better Health

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This projects uses longitudinally-tailored print materials and telecounseling interventions and compares their effectiveness, individually and in combination, among individuals with one or more risks, including smoking, poor diet, and sedentary behavior. (04/01/1999 - 12/31/2004)

  • Health'o'Vision CD-ROMs

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project makes available a two-disc compilation of nine of the twelve health topics (the topics that are completed to date) that appear on the Michigan "Health'o'Vision" kiosks. (01/01/1998 - 09/30/1999)

  • Calling It Quits

    PI: Alfred C. Marcus, PhD , Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Calling It Quits offers longitudinally-tailored print smoking cessation materials and compares the efficacy of multiple messages tailored on baseline data vs. retailored on new data among callers to the Cancer Information Service. (09/01/1997 - 08/31/2002)

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  • CISRC Tailored Message Core

    PI: Alfred C. Marcus, PhD , Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The CISRC Tailoring Core develops the production system for the delivery of tailored print materials for the three CISRC projects: smoking cessation, colorectal cancer screening, and fruit and vegetable consumption. (09/01/1997 - 08/31/2001)

  • Health'o'Vision

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Demonstration Project project involves creating and disseminating twelve multimedia health programs.  Collectively known as Health'o'Vision, topics include cancer prevention and screening, disease management, and general health practices to live a healthy life. Channels are created for both adults and adolescents. One hundred kiosks are deployed in a variety of settings throughout the State of Michigan for use by the general public. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/2000)

  • The Smoking Cessation and Prevention Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project aims to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how smoking affects you and your family, and the benefits of quitting. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • Quit for Keeps

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The Quit for Keeps project (part of a cluster of ten projects called Smoke-Free Families) is a study designed to test the efficacy of using custom-tailored messages in convincing pregnant women to quit smoking. (11/01/1995 - 10/31/1998)

  • Mobile Positively Smoke Free: A mobile intervention to promote cessation in HIV-infected smokers

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    Cigarette smoking is a leading contributor to mortality among people living with HIV (PLWH) in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era, and it is the direct cause of 30% of non-AIDS defining malignancies. It is driving the alarming rise in cardiac events and lung cancers in this highly vulnerable population. The lack of access to proven, effective, culturally appropriate tobacco cessation services represents a health disparity of the first order. The psychosocial profile of the PLWH-smoker community, characterized by high rates of psychiatric comorbidity, drug and alcohol use, and low levels of social support, suggests that achieving high cessation rates will be a great challenge. Positively Smoke Free is an intensive, multisession, cessation intervention specifically developed for PLWH smokers. It is currently available as a live, group therapy program and also as a web-based version designed for notebook or desktop computers. In its current form, the web-version is not adoptable to the smartphone platform. Pilot data from randomized, controlled, trials of both formats show promise. Mobile Positively Smoke Free will adapt the web-version to a mobile version.