Keyword: "prevention"

103 items were found with the keyword "prevention".

  • Increasing HPV vaccine coverage among young adult gay and bisexual men

    New

    PI: Annie-Laurie McRee, DrPH , Paul L. Reiter, PhD, MPH

    The goal of the study is to collect pilot data on whether a mobile/web-based intervention can increase HPV vaccine coverage among young adult gay and bisexual men. (02/01/2016 - 06/01/2017)

  • Bauermeister-SexLab/Care Services for YMSM

    New

    PI: Jose Bauermeister, PhD, MPH

    Details coming soon! (06/01/2015 - 11/30/2016)

  • My GI Health V1.5

    New

    PI: William D. Chey, MD

    MyGIhealth V1.5 is an extension of My GI Health. The overview, aims, participants, and intervention, therefore, are identical to My GI Health. Version 1.5 expands the scope of the educational materials to include three new gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses: nausea/vomiting, bowel incontinence, and difficulty swallowing.  (01/01/2014 - 12/30/2014)

  • Visualizing Health

    New

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Patients and the public are being inundated with a flood of health data and being asked to take a greater role in applying this data to make medical decisions regarding their own health. While general guidelines exist for "best practices" in medical risk communication, this work has not always considered the specific communication goals of the risk message or the specific information or practical needs of the patient. The  Communicating Health and Risk Messages (CHARM) project will address the gap in our current knowledge by informing the design of health risk data visualizations  across the full spectrum of risk communication goals. (09/01/2013 - 12/31/2013)

  • Strengthening physician communication about adolescent vaccines

    PI: Amanda F. Dempsey, MD, PhD, MPH

    The overarching goal of this proposal is to develop and test a 3-phase intervention to improve provider-level communication and recommendation for the HPV vaccine for adolescent patients. Our intervention will target provider-patient communication before, during and after the clinical encounter so as to have the potential to impact various stages of parents' decision-making about the vaccine. (08/01/2013 - 07/31/2016)

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  • My Mobile Advice Program (MyMAP)

    PI: Jennifer B. McClure, PhD

    Smoking is a leading cause of death in the US, killing more than 440,000 people a year. While effective treatments exist, their impact is significantly reduced by poor treatment adherence, particularly to pharmacotherapy. One way to improve the effectiveness of existing pharmacotherapy and to help more people stop smoking is to enhance treatment adherence. The current study develops and pilot tests a prototype My Mobile Advice Program (MyMAP). MyMAP is designed to a) provide real-time, algorithm-driven, personalized guidance to smokers' regarding how to manage common, non-serious, bothersome medication side-effects and nicotine withdrawal symptoms, b) provide patients with timely, individually-tailored, supportive encouragement to enhance their motivation for quitting and promote better adherence to their prescribed treatment regimen; c) alert providers to potentially serious adverse events or persistent bothersome symptoms that warrant timely medical intervention; and d) provide patients and providers 24/7 access to relevant educational and behavioral self-help information that can either be viewed online (via computer or smart phone) or printed for reference. Through this comprehensive web-based intervention, we hypothesize that MyMAP will promote treatment adherence, thereby ultimately improving cessation rates and treatment cost-effectiveness. Given the popularity, high frequency of bothersome, non-serious medication side-effects, and increased monitoring demands for varenicline use, the pilot prototype is designed to support varenicline pharmacotherapy, but if the proposed intervention strategy proves promising, MyMAP will be expanded to support nicotine replacement and bupropion use in the future. (07/01/2013 - 06/30/2015)

  • Measurement and Methodology for Daily Patterns of Drug Use and Related Behaviors

    New

    PI: Yuh-Pey Anne Buu, PhD, PhD

    Thanks to new technology, prospective data collection using the interactive voice response (IVR) system and text-messaging (TM) has become possible in recent years. These new measurements have the advantages of cutting costs of staff time as well as minimizing recall bias and tendency to underreport socially undesirable behaviors. The long-term goal of this project is to abstract crucial information from daily process data of health risk behaviors to inform prevention and intervention. The overall objective of this application, which is the next step toward attainment of our long-term goal, is to develop cost-effective measurement and cutting-edge methodology to collect and analyze daily process data. (04/01/2013 - 03/31/2018)

  • Get Connected: STD prevention among young men who use the e-technologies (phones, websites) to meet partners

    PI: Jose Bauermeister, PhD, MPH

    This study builds on the Project Connect Health Systems Intervention, adapting and piloting an online intervention (CONNECT-YM) that increases YMSM's HIV/STI awareness, and helps them identify culturally-competent sexual health providers where they may test for HIV/STIs. (01/02/2013 - 09/29/2013)

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  • Project Quit Plan Z

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    This project explores the psychological processes underlying how valence of images in anti-smoking advertisements influences uptake and follow through for a smoking cessation program. Specifically, we seek to investigate whether self-affirmation or exposure to different types of images (positive images (e.g. images of health, happiness) or negative images (e.g. images of death, sickness)) are more likely to effectively change attitudes towards smoking and increase motivation to join and complete a smoking cessation program. (01/01/2013 - 12/31/2014)

  • Cultural tailoring of educational materials to minimize disparities in HPV vaccinations

    New

    PI: Amanda F. Dempsey, MD, PhD, MPH

    This project is designed to test the effectiveness of cultural and individual tailoring on decisions about HPV vaccines. (01/01/2013 - 12/31/2015)

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  • HPV Vaccination and You

    PI: Sara H. Konrath, PhD

    The overarching research question is to investigate whether message tailoring affects the uptake of the HPV vaccine in a young adult population. In the current pilot study investigators hope to effectively design internet-based HPV vaccine materials that are adaptable for specific tailoring in future research based on our results. (09/01/2012 - 08/31/2013)

  • MENU GenY

    PI: Gwen L. Alexander, PhD, MPH

    In support of NIH goals to improve people's health and support a healthy lifestyle, we conduct a randomized trial to evaluate an age-targeted web-based intervention designed to improve the diet of young adults born in or after 1980, known as "Generation Y" (GenY), using relevant features that appeal to this group. The primary outcome is increased fruit and vegetable consumption, increased whole grain consumption, and decreased sweetened beverage consumption. (12/01/2011 - 11/30/2016)

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  • My GI Health

    PI: William D. Chey, MD , Brennan Spiegel, MD, MSHS

    Gastrointestinal (GI) illnesses are highly prevalent and expensive conditions. The goal is to develop and validate an evidence-based tool to assist clinicians in diagnosing, educating, and managing GI patients within the context of everyday practice. The MyGIhealth platform includes a new GI review of systems questionnaire that is administered through electronic portals (including personal computers and tablet devices) to collect, categorize, and interpret GI symptoms in a uniform and clinically useful manner. MyGIhealth is designed for use within everyday practice to help clinicians perform assessments and provide tailored feedback to their GI patients. (11/01/2011 - 10/31/2014)

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  • A Pilot Study of Positively Smoke Free on the Web (PSFW) for HIV-infected Smokers

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    The epidemic of cigarette smoking is fueling an alarming rise in lung and other cancers in persons living with HIV. Smokers living with HIV have few, if any, cessation resources available to them that address their particular needs, and HIV care providers have virtually no studies upon which to adopt an evidence based approach to achieving abstinence. The study attempts to address this serious health disparity by harnessing the enormous reach and power of the internet. (09/25/2011 - 09/30/2013)

  • Storyteller Project

    PI: Rachel E. Davis, PhD, MPH , Suzanne M. Cole, PhD , Karen E. Peterson, DSc

    The goal of this study is to identify key ingredients of tailored narratives to promote childhood obesity prevention behaviors among mothers of preschool-aged Mexican American children. (09/01/2011 - 08/31/2012)

  • GOAL: Girls Only! Activity for Life

    PI: Lorraine Robbins, PhD, RN, FNP-BC

    This school-based program encourages moderate to vigorous physical activity among middle school girls. During the 17 week intervention period, girls meet with the school nurse for 2 motivational interviewing-based sessions, attend a daily exercise 'club' after school, and receive a tailored program delivered on iPads. (09/01/2011 - 05/31/2016)

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  • Neural predictors of synergy between self-affirmation and message tailoring

    PI: Emily B. Falk, PhD

    We propose self-affirmation as a theory driven intervention to improve self-efficacy for physical activity in sedentary, overweight adults. In particular, we hypothesize that self-affirmation manipulations that focus on a participant’s strengths, delivered prior to exposure to a targeted health communication, will reduce defensive processing of messages (e.g. counter arguing), increase self-efficacy to perform the target health behavior, and may lead to increased behavior change, compared to a non-affirmation control. (09/01/2011 - 08/31/2012)

  • Project Quit - Texas

    PI: Alexandra Loukas, PhD

    The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of a tailored web-based cessation program, an adaptation of Project Quit, for a racially and ethnically diverse sample of young adult smokers from lower SES backgrounds. (04/01/2011 - 03/31/2013)

  • Hear on the Farm

    PI: Marjorie C. McCullagh, PhD, RN, PHCNS-BC, COHN-S

    Hear on the Farm tests the effectiveness of a targeted, interactive website to promote the use of hearing protection devices among farmers in order to reduce noise-induced hearing loss among this population. (01/01/2011 - 12/31/2014)

  • VA Cardiovascular Tool

    PI: Rodney A. Hayward, MD

    It is critically important to develop effective technological tools for Veterans to improve their understanding of and capacity to be actively involved in shared decision making about key health issues. It is also critical to make sure both the patients� and the clinicians� decisions are informed decisions. (01/01/2011 - 09/30/2011)

  • PRAAIS

    PI: Kathryn L. Moseley, MD, MPH, FAAP

    PRAAIS (Project for African American Infant Safety) defines the specific barriers to infant supine sleep encountered by African American parents and how parents of supine sleeping infants overcame them. Intervention group parents receive a two dose tailored intervention (brochures and DVDs) mailed to them at infant ages 4-6 weeks old and 4 months. Control group parents receive brochures encouraging supine sleep published by the CDC and AAP mailed at the same time intervals as the intervention materials. (09/30/2010 - 05/31/2015)

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  • Teen VaxScene

    PI: Amanda F. Dempsey, MD, PhD, MPH

    This intervention seeks to improve adolescent vaccine uptake. The intervention includes:Reminder / recall systems to alert parents and providers about when vaccine doses are neededA tailored educational web-based tool to parents to address the barrier of their unique attitudes about vaccines that hinder utilization (09/01/2010 - 08/31/2014)

  • Narrative Video Library

    PI: Borsika Rabin, PhD, MPH, PharmD

    This project aims to develop an online library of video vignettes that highlight a discussion with a leading researcher or practitioner who describe one problem in the process of dissemination and implementation (D&I) and show viewers how he/she solved the problem. (09/01/2010 - 08/31/2011)

  • Me First

    PI: Vanessa K Dalton, MD, MPH , Ruth C. Carlos, MD

    MeFirst aims to develop and refine a tailored risk communication intervention to improve HPV vaccination uptake in young adult women ages 18-26 when administered during a teachable moment. The teachable moment is a spontaneously occurring health event that serves as a natural educational gateway. The potential effects of this intervention on HPV vaccine utilization in a hard-to-reach age group enhances system-based interventions that can be more broadly applied or generalized to other health interventions targeted to young adults or other health settings. (07/01/2010 - 06/30/2011)

  • Healthy Moms/Healthy Daughters

    PI: Ruth C. Carlos, MD

    Healthy Moms Healthy Daughters investigates the efficacy of an individually tailored web-based intervention to improve human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination rates among adolescent daughters of African American women. This study has potential high impact in reducing racial disparities in cervical cancer incidence and mortality. It addresses a significant public health issue by improving HPV vaccination in an at-risk population with a disproportionate incidence of (HPV) caused cervical cancer. (05/01/2010 - 07/31/2011)

  • Vax Facts

    PI: Amanda F. Dempsey, MD, PhD, MPH

    Vax Facts offers a tailored brochure to address parents' concerns about HPV vaccines. The intervention draws on our previous data on reasons parents decline HPV vaccines for their daughters. This data is used to develop questions and responses that elicit and address parental beliefs that hinder HPV vaccine series initiation. Intervention messages are tailored to address these beliefs and concerns. (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)

  • Puff City II Dissemination

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    Puff City is a successful asthma management program for urban teenagers in Detroit high schools. This project allows us to make the most current version of Puff City available to anyone in the community with access to the internet. (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)

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  • Positively Smoke Free - Phase 2

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    This project aims to develop a Spanish version of online smoking cessation educational materials that are particular or especially relevant to persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) as well as their care providers. (09/01/2009 - 08/31/2010)

  • Puff City II - Rural Georgia

    PI: Martha S. Tingen, MSN, PhD

    Puff City Rural Georgia takes the existing Puff City II intervention and applies it to a youth population in rural Georgia. Puff City is a successful NHLBI-funded study that targeted three key asthma management issues: 1) smoking; 2) controller medication adherence; and 3) carrying a rescue inhaler. Given the success of Puff City among mid-western, inner city youth, an important question is whether such a program can be transplanted and effective for youth living in a different environment, the rural south. Rural Georgia youth are at equal or greater risk from asthma symptoms as inner city, Detroit youth. (08/01/2009 - 05/31/2012)

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  • Breast Cancer Genetics Usability Test

    PI: J. Scott Roberts, PhD

    The purpose of this project is to develop and test a web-delivered, tailored decision aid for women at risk for breast and ovarian cancer. Existing educational materials are refined then offered in an interactive website featuring greater personalization of risk information, using validated risk communication techniques in a patient-friendly Web-based application.Such technologies are needed to expand the reach and improve the cost- effectiveness of breast cancer genetic services and are part of a growing movement within clinical care to provide validated patient decision aids. (03/01/2009 - 02/28/2010)

  • Q2: Questions about Quitting

    PI: Jennifer B. McClure, PhD

    About 80% or more of smokers are not sufficiently motivated and ready to quit smoking, even though they may want to quit someday. Interventions are critically needed which can reach these people, enhance their motivation for quitting, promote uptake of existing empirically-validated treatments, and ultimately enhance abstinence rates on a population level. The current study tests the effectiveness of four potentially important tailoring factors (decisional framework, self-efficacy, navigation autonomy, and proactive outreach) to increase motivation to quit. (03/01/2009 - 12/31/2012)

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  • THISN

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    THISN (Tailored Health Information in Social Networks) is a collaborative effort with CHCR and CDC's National Center for Public Health Informatics to conceive, design, and develop a prototype application testing the viability of using tailoring technology in a web-based social networking context (e.g., MySpace, Facebook). (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2009)

  • Inside Health

    PI: Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD , Jennifer Elston Lafata, PhD , Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project tests two interventions to increase colorectal cancer screening among African American members of the Henry Ford Health System. Participants are randomized to: Basic Tailoring: A series of newsletters, tailored on age, gender, health history, and prior CRC screening; or Enhanced Tailoring: Basic tailoring PLUS tailoring on screening preferences, ethnic identity, and motivational predisposition. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

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  • Breathe New York

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    This project improves two fundamental aspects of population-based smoking cessation programming: reach through a media campaign encouraging use of a cessation program and efficacy through a web-based smoking cessation intervention. This project evaluates, understands, and optimizes the use of an email media campaign and web-based smoking cessation intervention component that could be distributed at modest cost to other states and countries. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Tailoring Technology Core (CECCR1 and CECCR2)

    PI: Edward W. Saunders, MS

    The primary purpose of the Tailoring Technology Core (TTC) is to design, develop, pretest, and implement the tailored intervention systems required for all CECCR Research and Developmental Projects. Consolidating these task into a central core offers several advantages. First, the TTC organizes resources for more cost-effective production of tailored interventions for each of the Projects. TTC programmers use a common robust tailoring system for all Projects. Instead of building each Project’s interventions individually, from the ground up, TTC builds each one from an existing foundation that has been refined over several years, and then adds the appropriate assessments and content, modifies tailoring algorithms, and applies any special features.Second, the multidisciplinary organization of personnel within the TTC allows us to more efficiently explore new directions in advanced communications technologies. The close interaction of a broad set of expertise allows us to generate more relevant, robust tools for tailored health interventions. This synergy is demonstrated by the Center’s development of a re-usable tailoring system for both web- and print-based health interventions. Developed and enhanced over the last decade, this system embodies our significant experience conducting cancer prevention and control research applied to an extremely wide range of populations, settings, health topics, and advanced communications technologies.Third, Projects benefit from standard technologies, as well as active sharing of knowledge from a variety of disciplines and perspectives. For example, Tailoring Core members, working on all three Projects, identify best practices in tailoring algorithms used in one Project and suggest these practices to other investigators. Similarly, content and theoretical applications used in one Project are applied by the same behavior science staff in the Tailoring Core to other Projects. Specifically, it allows the use of common assessments, theoretical message composition, and graphics as empirical knowledge is gained. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Social & Cognitive Neuroscience Core (CECCR2)

    PI: Thad A. Polk, PhD

    Ultimately, the goal of CECCR2 aims to understand why and how communication affects health-related behavior and decision making. Specifically, we want to know how tailoring communication by specific individual characteristics influences subsequent health behaviors. For example:How does tailoring a message about smoking influence smokers’ subsequent decisions about quitting? How does tailoring a message about colorectal cancer affect people’s willingness to get screened? How does tailoring information about prostate cancer affect patients’ subsequent conversations with their physicians about their treatment preference? A significant obstacle to answering these kinds of questions is that health-related decisions can have many different causes; and these causes can be difficult to disentangle using purely behavioral measures. We therefore want to incorporate measures that begin to address the underlying neural and cognitive mechanisms that give rise to the observed behaviors. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Biostatistics and Measurement Core (CECCR1 and CECCR2)

    PI: Roderick J. A. Little, PhD

    The development and evaluation of effective behavioral interventions depends on valid, reliable measurements, efficient statistical design and data collection methods, and appropriate data analysis techniques. Accordingly, biostatisticians continue to play a pivotal role in research conducted by the CECCR2. Key personnel include Dr. Rod Little, Dr. Vijay Nair and Dr. Mick Couper. Each are senior and highly-respected statisticians and methodologists, who played active roles in the CECCR1 and continue to be actively involved in developing testable specific aims and appropriate statistical design and analysis for the Projects in CECCR2. All are already well versed in the complex statistical issues associated with developing effective tailored health interventions, such as fractional factorial designs, data imputation, and mixed models with random effects. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • CECCR2 - Center of Excellence In Cancer Communications Research II

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions for many health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Puff City - OPD Recruitment Trial

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    Puff City is a successful asthma management program for urban teenagers in Detroit high schools. This iteration of Puff City uses a pilot approach to test if Puff City was accessible and feasible in an ED setting. (07/01/2008 - 09/30/2008)

  • Positively Smoke Free

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    Positively Smoke Free is a smoking cessation project for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) that takes place in an Infections Disease Clinic in New York City. (06/01/2008 - 08/31/2009)

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  • Neural Bases of Effectiveness of Individually Tailored Smoking Cessation Messages

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    Study 1 explores the self-relevance dimension of message tailoring while Study 2 focuses on the adaptation of content from message tailoring. Each study has two phases: the first phase demonstrates neural substrate activation associated with specific aspects of tailored messages (fMRI); the second phase explores smoking cessation associated with brain region activations found in the first phase of the study. (09/20/2007 - 08/31/2011)

  • The RealU

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    The RealU is a randomized trial to determine the efficacy of providing: individually tailored web-based messages individually tailored messages plus peer support email and video messages as part of an online program. The topics covered include smoking cessation, alcohol consumption, exercise, and eating breakfast. (09/05/2007 - 05/31/2012)

  • Improving Risk Communication through Tailored Testimonials

    PI: Amanda Dillard, PhD

    Two experiments examine the effects of tailored testimonials on people's knowledge, satisfaction, interest in shared decision-making, and behavioral intentions after reading a colorectal cancer screening decision aid. (09/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

  • Breast Cancer Genetics Network Website Improvements

    PI: J. Scott Roberts, PhD

    This study refines an existing Web-based, tailored decision aid for women at risk for breast and ovarian cancer. The existing educational materials are made more interactive, more highly tailored and personalized. (09/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

  • Eye Tracking Tailored Photos

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    This study explores the effects images have on the amount of time spent reading text that is shown alongside images. Specifically, the project examines the time a smoker spends reading 3 brief testimonials, as well as the time spent looking at the images shown alongside the testimonials. (09/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

  • Puff City II

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    This study builds on the success of Puff City 1 (PC1), an Internet-based, teen-focused asthma management program, and enhances the effects achieved in PC1 in several ways: 1) tests new theory- and empirically-based approaches to recruiting urban high school students, 2) enhances program content to address resistance to change and relapse, and 3) uses PC1 data to create participation and success profiles of the students who can then be differentially approached on the basis of these profiles in Puff City II. (04/01/2007 - 03/31/2012)

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  • Cancer Center Recipes Just For You

    PI: Edward W. Saunders, MS

    Cancer Center Recipes Just for You is a Web site that will help patients and families develop healthy meal plans specific to their needs. It has a searchable database of recipes developed by Graham Kerr, formerly known as "The Galloping Gourmet." (01/10/2007 - 05/31/2010)

  • Cancer Risk Perceptions: Highlighting Changes and Time in the Picture

    PI: Brian Zikmund-Fisher, PhD

    This study examines the impact of "status-assessing" email messages sent to individuals who decided to quit smoking and chose a date to quit. Participants receive email messages 3 and 5 weeks after their self selected quit dates, asking them to click on a URL link that matches their current smoking status (quit, tried but relapsed, never quit). Participants who click on a link receive information targeted to their current smoking status. (09/01/2006 - 08/31/2008)

  • Cessation Messages & Neural Activation

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    This study explores whether listening to high-tailored smoking cessation messages activates the rostral medial prefrontal region more than listening to linguistically comparable but low-tailored cessation messages. (09/01/2006 - 08/31/2007)

  • Procure

    PI: John T. Wei, MD, MS

    Procure tests the feasibility of using an electronic Quality of Life (QOL) survey to gather data from patients that is easily accessible and useable by health care providers in understanding more about their patients. The data gathered in this pilot study help support analyses comparing electronic to paper survey feasibility. (07/01/2006 - 06/30/2012)

  • Health Communications Core

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    The Health Communications Core (HCC) supports the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center (UMCCC) through: Assisting with a communications and technological analysis of UMCCC investigators’ intervention, recruitment, and/or retention needs. Working with UMCCC investigators to design, develop, deploy, and maintain high-quality print-, hand-held device, web-based, or other relevant communications channels and strategies. (06/01/2006 - 05/31/2017)

  • Stepping Up to Health - Expanding the Reach

    PI: Caroline R. Richardson, MD

    The goal of this project is to expand the web-based Stepping Up to Health intervention to more individuals. The original intervention used enhanced pedometers and email-based tailored feedback to promote physical activity in people with type 2 diabetes. Expanding the Reach extends the tailored messages to promote physical activity to sedentary adults who are at risk for developing cancer, heart disease or diabetes, along with continuing to provide tailored messages for individuals with type 2 diabetes. (01/02/2006 - 12/31/2006)

  • Decider Guider

    PI: Sarah T. Hawley, PhD, MPH

    This study translates a paper-based preference-screening tool into a web-based preference-tailored intervention that is effective for increasing informed decision making (IDM) and compliance with colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. The computer-based preference tool is used in clinical settings to help low-risk individuals decide which of five CRC screening tests best fits their preferences. By helping them choose which test to take, we hope to increase CRC screening rates. (01/02/2006 - 08/31/2007)

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  • CSATS

    PI: Masahito Jimbo, MD, PhD, MPH

    Cancer Screening Adherence through Technology-Enhanced Shared Decision Making (CSATS) is a tailored behavioral intervention to improve patient adherence to colorectal cancer screening (CRC). CSATS links a computerized screening prompt/reminder system with a tailored behavioral intervention. The intervention combines a screening decision aid with a risk assessment. Upon completion of the intervention, a recommendation is provided to both patient and physician to enhance shared decision making between the two. (01/02/2006 - 08/31/2007)

  • Web Scatter

    PI: Suresh K. Bhavnani, PhD

    Many users find it difficult to find comprehensive health information because the information, even for narrowly well-defined topics, is highly scattered across websites with no page or site containing all the relevant information. This study enables us to: (1) deepen our understanding of why users find it difficult to find comprehensive information about healthcare topics, and (2) provide explicit guidelines for how pages in healthcare websites should be linked to enable users to easily navigate through the site, with the ultimate goal of facilitating the process of finding comprehensive information. (02/01/2005 - 08/31/2005)

  • CECCR - Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions that is generalizable across health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • THeME Non-responders

    PI: Mick P. Couper, MSS, PhD, MA

    The web is an attractive option for the implementation of surveys, but it suffers from potential limitations, including non-response. This study's primary goal is to identify ways to reduce non-response, attrition, and missing data for web surveys in parallel with the core research activities of the CECCR Research Projects. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2006)

  • Forever Free

    PI: Susan A. Murphy, PhD

    This developmental project tests the effects of expert vs user tailoring and rich vs poor graphical treatment in a brief web-based smoking cessation and relapse prevention intervention. The site's content is based on a series of booklets called Forever Free, developed by Dr. Thomas Brandon at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute. The project is an adjunct to Phase I of Project Quit and is offered to Project Quit participants at the end of that study's 6-month follow-up. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2006)

  • Tailoring Depth

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project runs in conjunction with Phase I of Project Quit. While Project Quit focuses on tailoring messages based on a variety of theoretical constructs, this study focuses on tailoring those messages on a deeper level. Depth of tailoring is another potentially active ingredient in tailoring and refers to the level of detail of tailoring and the extent of the connections made among theory-based constructs. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Guide to Decide

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH , Angela Fagerlin, PhD , Peter A. Ubel, MD

    Guide to Decide uses a multi-phased experimental process to explore methods of communicating risk regarding tamoxifen or raloxifene prophylaxis to women at high risk for breast cancer. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Eat for Life

    PI: Kenneth A. Resnicow, PhD

    Eat for Life examines two constructs of tailoring within a print-based fruit and vegetable intervention for African American adults. Study 1 explores the use of motivational predisposition to tailor health behavior content, while Study 2 explores the use of cultural factors and ethnic identity for tailoring its' messages. Both studies use tailored print media, in the form of three 8 to 12 page newsletters, delivered to participants' homes. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Project Quit

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Project Quit is a web-based program to help individuals who are in the "Preparation Stage" (ready to quit smoking within 30 days) to quit smoking. The overall goal of the study is to identify optimal population-based health communications strategies tailored to specific characteristics of the individual. This project will focus on identifying and specifying active psychosocial and communication components or "factors" of smoking cessation interventions. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • MENU Choices

    PI: Christine C. Johnson, PhD, MPH

    MENU Choices is a web and email-based program to help people increase fruit and vegetable consumption. Three study arms examine the efficacy of an untailored program, a tailored program and a tailored program plus email-based counseling. (03/01/2003 - 04/30/2008)

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  • High School ASHES

    PI: Unto E. Pallonen, PhD

    High School ASHES is a comprehensive tailored web-based smoking intervention for high school students. It accelerates smoking cessation among smokers and reinforces prevention decisions among non-smoking teens by tailoring the content of the intervention according to the user's readiness for change. (11/01/2002 - 01/18/2003)

  • webCHAT

    PI: Susan D. Goold, MD, MHSA, MA

    This project aims to develop a web-based version of CHAT, a game designed to help ordinary people better understand health insurance and help health insurance policy makers better understand the health care wishes of ordinary people. (10/10/2002 - 12/31/2003)

  • Taking on Tobacco in Michigan

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project focuses on creating a website to place, on the web, existing oral health and tobacco cessation information currently available only through printed materials. The goal of the website is to provide health care providers in Michigan with the knowledge and skills necessary to provide good oral health care and tobacco cessation resources. The content is placed on the Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI) website. (10/01/2002 - 01/31/2003)

  • ASHES

    PI: Unto E. Pallonen, PhD

    This project strengthens and improves an existing tailored interactive Internet-based multimedia self-help expert system smoking intervention (Adolescent Smoking Health Education Source - ASHES) and evaluates its effectiveness in a large school-based trial among middle school students in grades 6, 7 and 8. (10/01/2002 - 09/30/2004)

  • Web Filtering

    PI: Paul J. Resnick, PhD

    This project provides a careful empirical assessment of the extent to which access to health information is impeded or aided by commercial Internet filters as commonly configured in homes, schools, and libraries. (01/01/2002 - 12/31/2002)

  • Puff City I

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    The goal of Puff City is to develop and evaluate a multimedia, tailored web-based asthma management program to specifically target urban high school students. The program uses tailoring, in conjunction with theory-based models, to alter behavior through individualized health messages based on the user's beliefs, attitudes, and personal barriers to change. The content of the Puff City computer program is based on recommendations for patient education made by the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program, and focuses on three core behaviors: controller medication adherence, rescue inhaler availability, and smoking cessation/reduction. The entire program is voiced over, to accommodate low literacy. (12/01/2001 - 06/30/2006)

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  • Oral Health & Tobacco Cessation

    PI: Amid I. Ismail, BDS, MPH, MBA, DrPH

    This project aims to develop a tailored behavior change expert system intervention to promote and maintain good oral health and prevent oral diseases among low-income area children and their caregivers. (09/01/2001 - 06/30/2002)

  • Girls on the Move

    PI: Nola J. Pender, PhD, RN, FAAN

    Girls on the Move is a computer-based interactive physical activity program used in school-based clinics as a counseling tool about exercise among adolescent girls. (05/01/2001 - 04/30/2002)

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  • Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI): Kiosk

    PI: Lucille Smith, MEd

    This project aims to develop an innovative, interactive smoking cessation multimedia health education kiosk at several Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI) clinic sites - serving the clients of VODI clinics. (01/02/2001 - 09/30/2002)

  • Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI): CD-ROM

    PI: Lucille Smith, MEd

    This project aims to develop an oral health and tobacco cessation training and education module for primary care providers who provide health care at Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI) clinic sites. The training and education module is available via CD-ROM to the providers. (10/01/2000 - 09/30/2001)

  • Prevention Smoking in Jr. High School

    PI: Unto E. Pallonen, PhD

    The purpose of this project is to develop and enhance an effective and easily diffused Internet-based smoking prevention and cessation intervention for adolescents in a large school-based trial. Decreasing smoking rates among adolescents has the long-term impact of lowering the morbidity and mortality rates associated with lung cancer and other tobacco-related illnesses. (10/01/2000 - 09/30/2001)

  • Hearing Disorders

    PI: Philip Zazove, MD

    This project aims to adapt an existing interactive multimedia program on cancer prevention for a deaf and hard of hearing audience and evaluate changes in knowledge among 400 profoundly deaf individuals. (09/01/2000 - 08/31/2002)

  • Take the Pledge II

    PI: M. Jean B. Egan, MPH, RD

    Take the Pledge II updates part of the CISRC tailored print intervention for fruit and vegetable consumption for a wider audience. (05/01/2000 - 01/31/2001)

  • Better Health

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This projects uses longitudinally-tailored print materials and telecounseling interventions and compares their effectiveness, individually and in combination, among individuals with one or more risks, including smoking, poor diet, and sedentary behavior. (04/01/1999 - 12/31/2004)

  • Comorbid Psychopathology - Teen Smoking Cessation

    PI: Richard A. Brown, PhD

    Adolescent cigarette smokers have disproportionately high rates of co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders, similar to those found in the adult smoking population. In the absence of intervention, adolescent smokers with co-morbid psychopathology are likely to become highly dependent, recalcitrant adult smokers who have extreme difficulty quitting smoking. The overall objective of this research program is to develop effective smoking cessation approaches for these high risk youth, and to advance the applicant's knowledge of the relationship between psychopathology and smoking cessation within the context of a treatment outcome study. (01/01/1999 - 07/31/1999)

  • The Heart Attack Alert Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The aim of this project is to create a multimedia intervention for Heart Attack awareness to be deployed as a new channel on the 100 kiosks that are part of the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project. The kiosks are located throughout the State of Michigan. (09/30/1998 - 08/31/1999)

  • Project START

    PI: Frederic C. Blow, PhD

    Project START uses a personal digital assistant-based screening instrument and tailored print materials and tests their effectiveness in reducing alcohol use and alcohol-related problems among injured hazardous drinkers treated in the Emergency Department. (03/01/1998 - 02/28/2003)

  • Personal Wellness Plan

    PI: John E. Billi, MD

    This project adapts the M-CARE Health Risk Appraisal for Ford Motor Company employees. (02/01/1998 - 07/31/1998)

  • The Adolescent Alcohol Use Prevention Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Adolescent Alcohol Use is a new channel to be developed for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Demonstration Project. This kiosk channel explores the affects of under aged drinking through interactive video vignettes and a series of other innovative segments. (01/01/1998 - 09/30/1999)

  • Health'o'Vision CD-ROMs

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project makes available a two-disc compilation of nine of the twelve health topics (the topics that are completed to date) that appear on the Michigan "Health'o'Vision" kiosks. (01/01/1998 - 09/30/1999)

  • Calling It Quits

    PI: Alfred C. Marcus, PhD , Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Calling It Quits offers longitudinally-tailored print smoking cessation materials and compares the efficacy of multiple messages tailored on baseline data vs. retailored on new data among callers to the Cancer Information Service. (09/01/1997 - 08/31/2002)

    Related Media:

  • CISRC Tailored Message Core

    PI: Alfred C. Marcus, PhD , Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The CISRC Tailoring Core develops the production system for the delivery of tailored print materials for the three CISRC projects: smoking cessation, colorectal cancer screening, and fruit and vegetable consumption. (09/01/1997 - 08/31/2001)

  • CISRC 5-A-Day Dissemination

    PI: Alfred C. Marcus, PhD , Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The goal of this study is to run a pilot test to disseminate a successful CISRC Program Project intervention (tailored print materials for increasing fruit and vegetable consumption) within the NCI Cancer Information Service (CIS) 1-800-4-CANCER answerline. (09/01/1997 - 08/31/2001)

  • Guide to Colorectal Cancer Screening

    PI: Alfred C. Marcus, PhD , Barbara K. Rimer, DrPH

    This study tests interventions aimed to increase colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. Callers over age 50 to the Cancer Information Service (CIS) receive a brief educational message delivered by an information specialist followed by mailed untailored and tailored print materials. (09/01/1997 - 08/31/2001)

  • Journey to the World of Fruits & Vegetables

    PI: Alfred C. Marcus, PhD , Jerianne Heimendinger, ScD, MPH, RD

    This study tests various interventions to increase fruit and vegetable consumption. Callers to the Cancer Information Service (CIS) receive a brief educational message delivered by an informational specialist while on the phone, followed by mailed untailored and tailored print materials. (09/01/1997 - 08/31/2002)

  • All About You

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The All About You is a comprehensive health risk appraisal and tailored booklet for patients of the University of Michigan M-CARE health maintenance organization. (05/01/1997 - 04/30/1998)

  • Cancer and Genetics

    PI: Sofia D. Merajver, MD, PhD

    Due to the complexity of information surrounding BRCA1/2 counseling and testing and its time consuming nature, efforts to facilitate the genetic counseling and education process are needed. This project aims to develop a flip book, CD-ROM, and website for use by genetics counselors with their patients covering the topics: basic genetics, cancer and genetics, genes associated with breast cancer, genetics testing, and managing cancer risk. (04/01/1997 - 07/30/1998)

  • The Nutrition Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project aims to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how to make wise food choices and lead a healthier life. (01/01/1997 - 09/30/1998)

  • The STD Prevention Channel: Tips for Teens

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project involves developing a frank, unembarrassed, factual guide to sexually transmitted disease (STD) prevention specifically designed for teens. The program is one of the 12 channels developed for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Demonstration Project. (01/01/1997 - 09/30/1998)

  • The Physical Activity Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The goal of this project is to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on ways to make physical activity a regular part of one's life. (01/01/1997 - 09/30/1998)

  • The Heart Disease and Stroke Prevention Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project aims to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how to reduce risk of heart disease and stroke. (01/01/1997 - 09/30/1998)

  • The Cancer Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The goal of this project is to create a cancer risk prevention channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project. The channel includes steps people can take to live a healthy lifestyle and help control cancer risk. (01/01/1997 - 09/30/1998)

  • Health'o'Vision

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Demonstration Project project involves creating and disseminating twelve multimedia health programs.  Collectively known as Health'o'Vision, topics include cancer prevention and screening, disease management, and general health practices to live a healthy life. Channels are created for both adults and adolescents. One hundred kiosks are deployed in a variety of settings throughout the State of Michigan for use by the general public. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/2000)

  • The Childhood Bicycle Helmet Safety Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The goal of this project is to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how to buy a good bicycle helmet and use it properly. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • The Smoking Cessation and Prevention Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project aims to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how smoking affects you and your family, and the benefits of quitting. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • The Childhood Immunization Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The goal of this project is to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on why it is important to immunize children, which immunizations are needed, and when to immunize. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • Quit for Keeps

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The Quit for Keeps project (part of a cluster of ten projects called Smoke-Free Families) is a study designed to test the efficacy of using custom-tailored messages in convincing pregnant women to quit smoking. (11/01/1995 - 10/31/1998)

  • Mobile Positively Smoke Free: A mobile intervention to promote cessation in HIV-infected smokers

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    Cigarette smoking is a leading contributor to mortality among people living with HIV (PLWH) in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era, and it is the direct cause of 30% of non-AIDS defining malignancies. It is driving the alarming rise in cardiac events and lung cancers in this highly vulnerable population. The lack of access to proven, effective, culturally appropriate tobacco cessation services represents a health disparity of the first order. The psychosocial profile of the PLWH-smoker community, characterized by high rates of psychiatric comorbidity, drug and alcohol use, and low levels of social support, suggests that achieving high cessation rates will be a great challenge. Positively Smoke Free is an intensive, multisession, cessation intervention specifically developed for PLWH smokers. It is currently available as a live, group therapy program and also as a web-based version designed for notebook or desktop computers. In its current form, the web-version is not adoptable to the smartphone platform. Pilot data from randomized, controlled, trials of both formats show promise. Mobile Positively Smoke Free will adapt the web-version to a mobile version.