Keyword: "smoking"

41 items were found with the keyword "smoking".

  • My Mobile Advice Program (MyMAP)

    PI: Jennifer B. McClure, PhD

    Smoking is a leading cause of death in the US, killing more than 440,000 people a year. While effective treatments exist, their impact is significantly reduced by poor treatment adherence, particularly to pharmacotherapy. One way to improve the effectiveness of existing pharmacotherapy and to help more people stop smoking is to enhance treatment adherence. The current study develops and pilot tests a prototype My Mobile Advice Program (MyMAP). MyMAP is designed to a) provide real-time, algorithm-driven, personalized guidance to smokers' regarding how to manage common, non-serious, bothersome medication side-effects and nicotine withdrawal symptoms, b) provide patients with timely, individually-tailored, supportive encouragement to enhance their motivation for quitting and promote better adherence to their prescribed treatment regimen; c) alert providers to potentially serious adverse events or persistent bothersome symptoms that warrant timely medical intervention; and d) provide patients and providers 24/7 access to relevant educational and behavioral self-help information that can either be viewed online (via computer or smart phone) or printed for reference. Through this comprehensive web-based intervention, we hypothesize that MyMAP will promote treatment adherence, thereby ultimately improving cessation rates and treatment cost-effectiveness. Given the popularity, high frequency of bothersome, non-serious medication side-effects, and increased monitoring demands for varenicline use, the pilot prototype is designed to support varenicline pharmacotherapy, but if the proposed intervention strategy proves promising, MyMAP will be expanded to support nicotine replacement and bupropion use in the future. (07/01/2013 - 06/30/2015)

  • Project Quit Plan Z

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    This project explores the psychological processes underlying how valence of images in anti-smoking advertisements influences uptake and follow through for a smoking cessation program. Specifically, we seek to investigate whether self-affirmation or exposure to different types of images (positive images (e.g. images of health, happiness) or negative images (e.g. images of death, sickness)) are more likely to effectively change attitudes towards smoking and increase motivation to join and complete a smoking cessation program. (01/01/2013 - 12/31/2014)

  • A Pilot Study of Positively Smoke Free on the Web (PSFW) for HIV-infected Smokers

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    The epidemic of cigarette smoking is fueling an alarming rise in lung and other cancers in persons living with HIV. Smokers living with HIV have few, if any, cessation resources available to them that address their particular needs, and HIV care providers have virtually no studies upon which to adopt an evidence based approach to achieving abstinence. The study attempts to address this serious health disparity by harnessing the enormous reach and power of the internet. (09/25/2011 - 09/30/2013)

  • Project Quit - Texas

    PI: Alexandra Loukas, PhD

    The purpose of this study is to examine the feasibility of a tailored web-based cessation program, an adaptation of Project Quit, for a racially and ethnically diverse sample of young adult smokers from lower SES backgrounds. (04/01/2011 - 03/31/2013)

  • Puff City II Dissemination

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    Puff City is a successful asthma management program for urban teenagers in Detroit high schools. This project allows us to make the most current version of Puff City available to anyone in the community with access to the internet. (01/01/2010 - 12/31/2010)

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  • Positively Smoke Free - Phase 2

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    This project aims to develop a Spanish version of online smoking cessation educational materials that are particular or especially relevant to persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) as well as their care providers. (09/01/2009 - 08/31/2010)

  • Puff City II - Rural Georgia

    PI: Martha S. Tingen, MSN, PhD

    Puff City Rural Georgia takes the existing Puff City II intervention and applies it to a youth population in rural Georgia. Puff City is a successful NHLBI-funded study that targeted three key asthma management issues: 1) smoking; 2) controller medication adherence; and 3) carrying a rescue inhaler. Given the success of Puff City among mid-western, inner city youth, an important question is whether such a program can be transplanted and effective for youth living in a different environment, the rural south. Rural Georgia youth are at equal or greater risk from asthma symptoms as inner city, Detroit youth. (08/01/2009 - 05/31/2012)

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  • Q2: Questions about Quitting

    PI: Jennifer B. McClure, PhD

    About 80% or more of smokers are not sufficiently motivated and ready to quit smoking, even though they may want to quit someday. Interventions are critically needed which can reach these people, enhance their motivation for quitting, promote uptake of existing empirically-validated treatments, and ultimately enhance abstinence rates on a population level. The current study tests the effectiveness of four potentially important tailoring factors (decisional framework, self-efficacy, navigation autonomy, and proactive outreach) to increase motivation to quit. (03/01/2009 - 12/31/2012)

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  • THISN

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    THISN (Tailored Health Information in Social Networks) is a collaborative effort with CHCR and CDC's National Center for Public Health Informatics to conceive, design, and develop a prototype application testing the viability of using tailoring technology in a web-based social networking context (e.g., MySpace, Facebook). (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2009)

  • Breathe New York

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    This project improves two fundamental aspects of population-based smoking cessation programming: reach through a media campaign encouraging use of a cessation program and efficacy through a web-based smoking cessation intervention. This project evaluates, understands, and optimizes the use of an email media campaign and web-based smoking cessation intervention component that could be distributed at modest cost to other states and countries. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • CECCR2 - Center of Excellence In Cancer Communications Research II

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions for many health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2008 - 08/31/2013)

  • Puff City - OPD Recruitment Trial

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    Puff City is a successful asthma management program for urban teenagers in Detroit high schools. This iteration of Puff City uses a pilot approach to test if Puff City was accessible and feasible in an ED setting. (07/01/2008 - 09/30/2008)

  • Positively Smoke Free

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    Positively Smoke Free is a smoking cessation project for persons living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) that takes place in an Infections Disease Clinic in New York City. (06/01/2008 - 08/31/2009)

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  • Neural Bases of Effectiveness of Individually Tailored Smoking Cessation Messages

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    Study 1 explores the self-relevance dimension of message tailoring while Study 2 focuses on the adaptation of content from message tailoring. Each study has two phases: the first phase demonstrates neural substrate activation associated with specific aspects of tailored messages (fMRI); the second phase explores smoking cessation associated with brain region activations found in the first phase of the study. (09/20/2007 - 08/31/2011)

  • The RealU

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    The RealU is a randomized trial to determine the efficacy of providing: individually tailored web-based messages individually tailored messages plus peer support email and video messages as part of an online program. The topics covered include smoking cessation, alcohol consumption, exercise, and eating breakfast. (09/05/2007 - 05/31/2012)

  • Eye Tracking Tailored Photos

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    This study explores the effects images have on the amount of time spent reading text that is shown alongside images. Specifically, the project examines the time a smoker spends reading 3 brief testimonials, as well as the time spent looking at the images shown alongside the testimonials. (09/01/2007 - 08/31/2008)

  • iQuitSmoking

    PI: Lawrence C. An, MD

    This project is a 3-group prospective randomized controlled trial to determine the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of providing access to free nicotine patches, with or without a required linkage to proactive telephone counseling, as adjuncts to a tailored, web-based smoking cessation program. (07/01/2007 - 12/31/2012)

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  • Puff City II

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    This study builds on the success of Puff City 1 (PC1), an Internet-based, teen-focused asthma management program, and enhances the effects achieved in PC1 in several ways: 1) tests new theory- and empirically-based approaches to recruiting urban high school students, 2) enhances program content to address resistance to change and relapse, and 3) uses PC1 data to create participation and success profiles of the students who can then be differentially approached on the basis of these profiles in Puff City II. (04/01/2007 - 03/31/2012)

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  • Cancer Risk Perceptions: Highlighting Changes and Time in the Picture

    PI: Brian Zikmund-Fisher, PhD

    This study examines the impact of "status-assessing" email messages sent to individuals who decided to quit smoking and chose a date to quit. Participants receive email messages 3 and 5 weeks after their self selected quit dates, asking them to click on a URL link that matches their current smoking status (quit, tried but relapsed, never quit). Participants who click on a link receive information targeted to their current smoking status. (09/01/2006 - 08/31/2008)

  • Cessation Messages & Neural Activation

    PI: Hannah Faye C. Chua, PhD

    This study explores whether listening to high-tailored smoking cessation messages activates the rostral medial prefrontal region more than listening to linguistically comparable but low-tailored cessation messages. (09/01/2006 - 08/31/2007)

  • CECCR - Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The purpose of the University of Michigan Center of Excellence in Cancer Communications Research (CECCR) is to develop an efficient, theory-driven model for generating tailored health behavior interventions that is generalizable across health behaviors and socio-demographic populations. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Forever Free

    PI: Susan A. Murphy, PhD

    This developmental project tests the effects of expert vs user tailoring and rich vs poor graphical treatment in a brief web-based smoking cessation and relapse prevention intervention. The site's content is based on a series of booklets called Forever Free, developed by Dr. Thomas Brandon at the H. Lee Moffitt Cancer Center & Research Institute. The project is an adjunct to Phase I of Project Quit and is offered to Project Quit participants at the end of that study's 6-month follow-up. (09/01/2003 - 08/31/2006)

  • Tailoring Depth

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project runs in conjunction with Phase I of Project Quit. While Project Quit focuses on tailoring messages based on a variety of theoretical constructs, this study focuses on tailoring those messages on a deeper level. Depth of tailoring is another potentially active ingredient in tailoring and refers to the level of detail of tailoring and the extent of the connections made among theory-based constructs. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • Project Quit

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Project Quit is a web-based program to help individuals who are in the "Preparation Stage" (ready to quit smoking within 30 days) to quit smoking. The overall goal of the study is to identify optimal population-based health communications strategies tailored to specific characteristics of the individual. This project will focus on identifying and specifying active psychosocial and communication components or "factors" of smoking cessation interventions. (07/01/2003 - 08/31/2008)

  • High School ASHES

    PI: Unto E. Pallonen, PhD

    High School ASHES is a comprehensive tailored web-based smoking intervention for high school students. It accelerates smoking cessation among smokers and reinforces prevention decisions among non-smoking teens by tailoring the content of the intervention according to the user's readiness for change. (11/01/2002 - 01/18/2003)

  • Taking on Tobacco in Michigan

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project focuses on creating a website to place, on the web, existing oral health and tobacco cessation information currently available only through printed materials. The goal of the website is to provide health care providers in Michigan with the knowledge and skills necessary to provide good oral health care and tobacco cessation resources. The content is placed on the Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI) website. (10/01/2002 - 01/31/2003)

  • ASHES

    PI: Unto E. Pallonen, PhD

    This project strengthens and improves an existing tailored interactive Internet-based multimedia self-help expert system smoking intervention (Adolescent Smoking Health Education Source - ASHES) and evaluates its effectiveness in a large school-based trial among middle school students in grades 6, 7 and 8. (10/01/2002 - 09/30/2004)

  • Puff City I

    PI: Christine L. M. Joseph, PhD, MPH

    The goal of Puff City is to develop and evaluate a multimedia, tailored web-based asthma management program to specifically target urban high school students. The program uses tailoring, in conjunction with theory-based models, to alter behavior through individualized health messages based on the user's beliefs, attitudes, and personal barriers to change. The content of the Puff City computer program is based on recommendations for patient education made by the National Asthma Education and Prevention Program, and focuses on three core behaviors: controller medication adherence, rescue inhaler availability, and smoking cessation/reduction. The entire program is voiced over, to accommodate low literacy. (12/01/2001 - 06/30/2006)

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  • Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI): Kiosk

    PI: Lucille Smith, MEd

    This project aims to develop an innovative, interactive smoking cessation multimedia health education kiosk at several Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI) clinic sites - serving the clients of VODI clinics. (01/02/2001 - 09/30/2002)

  • Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI): CD-ROM

    PI: Lucille Smith, MEd

    This project aims to develop an oral health and tobacco cessation training and education module for primary care providers who provide health care at Voices of Detroit Initiative (VODI) clinic sites. The training and education module is available via CD-ROM to the providers. (10/01/2000 - 09/30/2001)

  • Prevention Smoking in Jr. High School

    PI: Unto E. Pallonen, PhD

    The purpose of this project is to develop and enhance an effective and easily diffused Internet-based smoking prevention and cessation intervention for adolescents in a large school-based trial. Decreasing smoking rates among adolescents has the long-term impact of lowering the morbidity and mortality rates associated with lung cancer and other tobacco-related illnesses. (10/01/2000 - 09/30/2001)

  • Better Health

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This projects uses longitudinally-tailored print materials and telecounseling interventions and compares their effectiveness, individually and in combination, among individuals with one or more risks, including smoking, poor diet, and sedentary behavior. (04/01/1999 - 12/31/2004)

  • Comorbid Psychopathology - Teen Smoking Cessation

    PI: Richard A. Brown, PhD

    Adolescent cigarette smokers have disproportionately high rates of co-occurring psychiatric and substance use disorders, similar to those found in the adult smoking population. In the absence of intervention, adolescent smokers with co-morbid psychopathology are likely to become highly dependent, recalcitrant adult smokers who have extreme difficulty quitting smoking. The overall objective of this research program is to develop effective smoking cessation approaches for these high risk youth, and to advance the applicant's knowledge of the relationship between psychopathology and smoking cessation within the context of a treatment outcome study. (01/01/1999 - 07/31/1999)

  • Personal Wellness Plan

    PI: John E. Billi, MD

    This project adapts the M-CARE Health Risk Appraisal for Ford Motor Company employees. (02/01/1998 - 07/31/1998)

  • Calling It Quits

    PI: Alfred C. Marcus, PhD , Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    Calling It Quits offers longitudinally-tailored print smoking cessation materials and compares the efficacy of multiple messages tailored on baseline data vs. retailored on new data among callers to the Cancer Information Service. (09/01/1997 - 08/31/2002)

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  • CISRC Tailored Message Core

    PI: Alfred C. Marcus, PhD , Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The CISRC Tailoring Core develops the production system for the delivery of tailored print materials for the three CISRC projects: smoking cessation, colorectal cancer screening, and fruit and vegetable consumption. (09/01/1997 - 08/31/2001)

  • All About You

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The All About You is a comprehensive health risk appraisal and tailored booklet for patients of the University of Michigan M-CARE health maintenance organization. (05/01/1997 - 04/30/1998)

  • Health'o'Vision

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Demonstration Project project involves creating and disseminating twelve multimedia health programs.  Collectively known as Health'o'Vision, topics include cancer prevention and screening, disease management, and general health practices to live a healthy life. Channels are created for both adults and adolescents. One hundred kiosks are deployed in a variety of settings throughout the State of Michigan for use by the general public. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/2000)

  • The Smoking Cessation and Prevention Channel

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    This project aims to create a channel for the Michigan Interactive Health Kiosk Project on how smoking affects you and your family, and the benefits of quitting. (01/01/1996 - 09/30/1997)

  • Quit for Keeps

    PI: Victor J. Strecher, PhD, MPH

    The Quit for Keeps project (part of a cluster of ten projects called Smoke-Free Families) is a study designed to test the efficacy of using custom-tailored messages in convincing pregnant women to quit smoking. (11/01/1995 - 10/31/1998)

  • Mobile Positively Smoke Free: A mobile intervention to promote cessation in HIV-infected smokers

    PI: Jonathan Shuter, MD

    Cigarette smoking is a leading contributor to mortality among people living with HIV (PLWH) in the highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) era, and it is the direct cause of 30% of non-AIDS defining malignancies. It is driving the alarming rise in cardiac events and lung cancers in this highly vulnerable population. The lack of access to proven, effective, culturally appropriate tobacco cessation services represents a health disparity of the first order. The psychosocial profile of the PLWH-smoker community, characterized by high rates of psychiatric comorbidity, drug and alcohol use, and low levels of social support, suggests that achieving high cessation rates will be a great challenge. Positively Smoke Free is an intensive, multisession, cessation intervention specifically developed for PLWH smokers. It is currently available as a live, group therapy program and also as a web-based version designed for notebook or desktop computers. In its current form, the web-version is not adoptable to the smartphone platform. Pilot data from randomized, controlled, trials of both formats show promise. Mobile Positively Smoke Free will adapt the web-version to a mobile version.